Document Detail

A Comprehensive Echocardiographic Protocol for Assessing Neonatal Right Ventricular Dimensions and Function in the Transitional Period: Normative Data and Z Scores.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25260435     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of echocardiographic data describing right ventricular (RV) dimensions and function in the early transitional newborn period.
METHODS: Fifty healthy term newborns underwent serial echocardiography at a mean of 15 ± 2 and 35 ± 2 hours of age. RV dimensions and functional indices were measured as recommended in the American Society of Echocardiography's recent guidelines. Additional novel parameters included RV anteroinferior basal diameter, fractional area change (FAC) from the apical three-chamber view, and speckle-tracking echocardiography-derived peak longitudinal strain in the RV lateral (apical four-chamber view) and inferior (apical three-chamber view) walls. Results obtained at both time points were compared.
RESULTS: Linear dimensions and tissue Doppler velocities were highly reproducible, while time intervals and FAC measurements were more variable. Three-chamber FAC was higher than four-chamber FAC (36 ± 5% vs. 24 ± 7%, P < .001). Lateral wall peak longitudinal strain was similar to the value for the inferior wall (22 ± 4% vs 18 ± 5%, P > .05). A small increase in RV dimensions was noted on day 2 of life (midcavity diameter, 1.71 ± 0.19 vs 1.55 ± 0.19 cm, P < .01; RV anteroinferior basal diameter, 2.24 ± 0.29 vs 2.06 ± 0.24 cm, P < .01; end-diastolic-area in the apical four-chamber view, 4.32 ± 0.64 vs 4.10 ± 0.69 cm(2), P = .04), while no changes occurred in functional indices. RV dimensions and FAC showed moderate linear correlations with birth weight. Z scores could be computed for the majority of measured indices.
CONCLUSIONS: Using conventional and novel indices, the investigators describe a comprehensive echocardiographic protocol for neonatal RV imaging, establish reference ranges, and describe the effect of physiologic postnatal transition on RV dimensions and function. This will facilitate future investigations of RV dysfunction in neonatal cardiopulmonary disorders.
Amish Jain; Adel Mohamed; Afif El-Khuffash; Kim A Connelly; Frederic Dallaire; Robert P Jankov; Patrick J McNamara; Luc Mertens
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-9-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6795     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-9-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8801388     Medline TA:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 American Society of Echocardiography. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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