Document Detail

Composite sequential grafts for femorocrural bypass reconstruction: experience with a modified technique.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12368738     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy of a modification of the composite sequential femorocrural bypass graft that we adopted in 1985, a retrospective case-note study was undertaken. The grafts combined a prosthetic femoropopliteal section with a popliteal to crural section with autologous vein, linked via a common intermediate anastomosis sited on the above-knee popliteal artery.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1985 and 2000, 68 grafts of this type were constructed in 65 patients with critical ischemia of the lower limb and insufficient autologous vein for construction of an all venous bypass. Reasons for insufficient long saphenous vein included previous lower limb bypass in 33 cases, phlebitis in 16 cases, venous hypoplasia in eight cases, and previous varicose vein surgery in seven cases. Distal anastomoses were carried out to the peroneal artery in 26 cases, the anterior tibial artery in 17 cases, the posterior tibial artery in 17 cases, and the pedal arteries in eight cases. Sources of vein included the long saphenous vein in 26 cases, the arm vein in 38 cases, and the short saphenous vein in two cases. In 22 limbs (32%), angiography had shown an occluded segment of above-knee popliteal artery, and in these cases, local popliteal disobliteration was performed to receive the composite anastomosis and to provide additional outflow.
RESULTS: The 2-year cumulative primary patency, secondary patency, and limb salvage rates were 68%, 73%, and 75%, respectively. Localized popliteal disobliteration did not compromise graft patency (P =.07, with log-rank test).
CONCLUSION: In the absence of sufficient autologous vein, patients needing bypass to crural arteries can be offered reconstruction with composite sequential grafting with satisfactory results. Furthermore, an occluded above-knee popliteal segment is not a contraindication for composite sequential bypass reconstruction.
Asif Mahmood; Andrew Garnham; Martin Sintler; Simon R G Smith; Rajiv K Vohra; Malcolm H Simms
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of vascular surgery     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0741-5214     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Vasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  2002 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-10-07     Completed Date:  2002-11-04     Revised Date:  2012-10-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8407742     Medline TA:  J Vasc Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  772-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Birmingham NHS Trust, Selly Oak Hospital, Birmingham, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Anastomosis, Surgical / methods*
Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation / methods*
Femoral Artery / physiopathology,  surgery*
Follow-Up Studies
Ischemia / physiopathology,  surgery*
Leg / blood supply*,  physiopathology,  surgery*
Popliteal Artery / physiopathology,  surgery*
Retrospective Studies
Saphenous Vein / physiopathology,  transplantation*
Time Factors
Vascular Patency / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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