Document Detail


Components of attentional bias for food cues among restrained eaters.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20005274     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The study aimed to investigate attentional bias for food cues among restrained eaters. In particular, the roles of speeded detection (enhanced orientation of attention toward food stimuli) and slowed disengagement (trouble disengaging attention from food stimuli) were examined. Participants were 78 female undergraduate students aged 18-25 years, classified as restrained (N=38) or unrestrained eaters (N=40). Attentional bias was assessed by a visual search task which required participants to locate the position of an odd-one-out target word in a matrix of 19 distractor words. Restrained eaters were disproportionately faster than unrestrained eaters to detect a food word within a neutral matrix compared to a neutral word within a neutral distractor matrix. Restrained eaters were also disproportionately faster, rather than slower, than unrestrained eaters to detect a neutral word within a food matrix compared to a neutral word within a neutral distractor matrix. Thus restrained eaters show a heightened vigilance for food cues, but no slower disengagement from such cues.
Authors:
Sarah Hollitt; Eva Kemps; Marika Tiggemann; Elke Smeets; Jennifer S Mills
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-12-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Appetite     Volume:  54     ISSN:  1095-8304     ISO Abbreviation:  Appetite     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-01     Completed Date:  2010-05-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006808     Medline TA:  Appetite     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  309-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
School of Psychology, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Attention
Cues*
Diet, Reducing / psychology*
Eating / psychology*
Feeding Behavior / psychology*
Female
Humans
Inhibition (Psychology)*
Reaction Time
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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