Document Detail

Complications and problems related to pedicle screw fixation of the spine.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12782863     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This retrospective study analyzes the complications and the problems developed during and after pedicle screw fixation in patients with spinal disorders and trauma. One hundred twelve patients were treated using the Cotrel-Dubousset pedicle screw fixation system for degenerative disease (57 patients), trauma (42 patients), infection (eight patients), and tumor (five patients) of the lumbar or thoracolumbar spine. The average age of the patients was 47 years and the average followup was 35 months. Forty-seven general complications were seen in 41 patients (36.5%). In addition, hardware failures were observed in 12 patients (10.7%), junctional problems were seen in five patients (4.5%), problems in the instrumented segments were seen in 39 patients (34.7%), and problems of balance occurred in five patients (4.5%). Although the rate of the reported complications was high, the final outcome of the patients was not affected significantly. Placement of the pedicle screws in the thoracolumbar and lumbar spine is a technically demanding procedure. It should be used by experienced and qualified surgeons who are aware of the pitfalls associated with its use.
Pavlos Katonis; Joseph Christoforakis; George Kontakis; Agisilaos C Aligizakis; Charalampos Papadopoulos; George Sapkas; Alexander Hadjipavlou; George Katonis
Related Documents :
21648213 - Upper gastrointestinal bleeding and spironolactone.
18416753 - Skull thickness in patients with skeletal deep bite.
19485983 - Plasma levels and skin-eosinophil-expression of vascular endothelial growth factor in p...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical orthopaedics and related research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0009-921X     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res.     Publication Date:  2003 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-06-03     Completed Date:  2003-07-17     Revised Date:  2005-03-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0075674     Medline TA:  Clin Orthop Relat Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  86-94     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Crete Medical School, Heraklion, Greece.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Arthrodesis / methods*
Bone Screws*
Intraoperative Complications / epidemiology*
Middle Aged
Postoperative Complications / epidemiology*
Retrospective Studies
Spinal Diseases / surgery*
Spinal Fusion / methods*
Spinal Injuries / surgery
Erratum In:
Clin Orthop. 2003 Sep;(414):347
Note: Katonis G [corrected to Kontakis G]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Gertzbein and load sharing classifications for unstable thoracolumbar fractures.
Next Document:  Multiple level noncontiguous fractures of the spine.