Document Detail

Complications of pneumatic ureterolithotripsy in the early postoperative period.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15735383     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To document the perioperative and early postoperative complications of pneumatic ureterolithotripsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 1997 and December 2003, pneumatic ureterolithotripsy was performed in 665 male and 314 female patients for stones >0.5 cm. The age range was 9 months to 72 years (mean 41 years). Preoperatively, intravenous urography, urinalysis, and urine culture were done. Cefepime 1 g was given as prophylactic antimicrobial therapy 1 hour prior to surgery. A plain film of the urinary tract was taken immediately before the procedure. The operations were carried out with the patient under general anesthesia. Rigid ureteroscopes (6.9F ACMI "micro-6" or 8F-10F Storz) and the Vibrolith (Elmed, Ankara, Turkey) pneumatic lithotripter were used. The fragments were extracted with forceps or baskets. Urinalysis and culture as a routine postoperative evaluation and a plain film or ultrasonogram of the urinary tract when needed were done 1 week after the procedure. RESULTS: The stones were completely removed in 847 patients (86.5%); 783 (80%) of them went home on the day of surgery. A ureteral stent was needed in 401 patients (41.0%). Perioperative complications were migration of the stone into the kidney in 70 patients (7.2%), mucosal damage in 34 (3.5%), ureteral perforation in 17 (1.7%), ureteral avulsion in 4 (0.4%), and conversion to open surgery in 3 (0.2%). During the early postoperative period, flank pain (18.4%), pelvic discomfort (5.5%), macroscopic hematuria (7.3%), and urinary tract infection (5%) were recorded. CONCLUSION: Ureterolithotripsy by a pneumatic lithotripter is a minimally invasive, highly tolerable procedure with a low complication rate and short hospital stay when performed meticulously with appropriate instruments.
I Atilla Aridogan; Sinan Zeren; Yildirim Bayazit; Bülent Soyupak; Saban Doran
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of endourology / Endourological Society     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0892-7790     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Endourol.     Publication Date:    2005 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-02-28     Completed Date:  2005-06-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8807503     Medline TA:  J Endourol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  50-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Cukurova, Adana, Turkey.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Length of Stay
Lithotripsy / adverse effects*
Middle Aged
Postoperative Complications*
Postoperative Period
Retrospective Studies
Treatment Outcome
Ureteral Calculi / radiography,  surgery*,  ultrasonography

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