Document Detail

Complications of long-term jejunostomy in children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8783104     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The authors reviewed 64 jejunostomies performed in 57 patients. Data were collected regarding complications and performance of the catheters. Patient diagnoses were grouped as follows: cystic fibrosis (25), neurological impairment (14), and miscellaneous other (25). Indications were malnutrition (43), inability to feed (17), and gastroesophageal reflux (4). Complications were compared between these groups. The age range was 7 days to 23 years. There were 251 tube changes over 142 years of cumulative site patency, for an average of 1.8 tube changes per year and an average life of 2.2 +/- 2.4 years per site. The longest duration was 11.7 years. Four tube changes resulted in intraperitoneal insertion (6.2% of changes). The overall complication rate was 37.5%. The major and minor complication rates were 21.9% each. Some patients had more than one complication. Stratification of complications by diagnosis showed that the highest incidence was among the neurologically impaired children (64%), followed by those with cystic fibrosis (32%) and then others (28%). Sixty-four percent of major and 54% of minor complications occurred within the first 6 months. The mortality rate was 4.7%. Infections requiring intravenous antibiotics occurred in 9.4% of the sites, at an average site age of 8.7 +/- 7.7 months. Tube dislodgment requiring surgical replacement occurred in 9.4% of the patients. Our mortality and complication rates compare favorably to those of previously reported series. Surgical jejunostomy is a reliable long-term solution to feeding but is associated with a significant risk of complications, especially in neurologically impaired children. The risk is greatest in the first 6 months after insertion, then decreases as the site "matures."
D Smith; P Soucy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric surgery     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0022-3468     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr. Surg.     Publication Date:  1996 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-11-14     Completed Date:  1996-11-14     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0052631     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  787-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Ottawa, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Equipment Failure
Follow-Up Studies
Infant, Newborn
Intubation, Gastrointestinal / adverse effects*,  mortality*
Jejunostomy / adverse effects*,  mortality*
Surgical Wound Infection

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