Document Detail

Complications of carbon monoxide poisoning.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11533819     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Acute carbon monoxide poisoning is a common problem that occurs during winter and leads to serious complications. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 24 consecutive cases admitted with the aim of finding the causes and outcome of acute carbon monoxide poisoning. RESULTS: The source of poisoning was charcoal in 71% of patients, motor gasoline in 21%, and other causes in 8%. Immediate complications included altered consciousness level in 54% of patients, metabolic acidosis in 46%, pneumonia in 42%, cardiac arrhythmia in 29% and rhabdomyolysis in 25%. Late neurological complications occurred in 17% of patients. All the patients received 100% oxygen. Eleven patients (46%) required mechanical ventilation. Ultimately, 19 patients (79%) recovered completely, 4 (17%) had neurological or cardiac disorders, and 1 (4%) died. CONCLUSION: Immediate and late complications are common in carbon monoxide poisoning cases admitted to the hospital especially when they arrive late. Time lapse between exposure and presentation may have a role in predicting the outcome.
M S Al-Moamary; A S Al-Shammary; A A Al-Shimemeri; M M Ali; H H Al-Jahdali; A A Awada
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Saudi medical journal     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0379-5284     ISO Abbreviation:  Saudi Med J     Publication Date:  2000 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-09-04     Completed Date:  2001-10-11     Revised Date:  2008-06-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7909441     Medline TA:  Saudi Med J     Country:  Saudi Arabia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  361-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine, King Fahad National Guard Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
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MeSH Terms
Acidosis / etiology
Acute Disease
Age Distribution
Arrhythmias, Cardiac / etiology
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning / blood,  complications*,  mortality,  therapy
Coma / etiology
Middle Aged
Oxygen Inhalation Therapy
Pneumonia / etiology
Predictive Value of Tests
Respiration, Artificial
Retrospective Studies
Rhabdomyolysis / etiology
Risk Factors
Saudi Arabia / epidemiology
Sex Distribution
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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