Document Detail

Complication rate lower after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy than after surgical gastrostomy: a prospective, randomized trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16865614     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) has increasingly replaced surgical gastrostomy (SG) as the primary procedure for the long-term nutrition of patients with swallowing disorders. This prospective randomized study compares PEG with SG in terms of effectiveness and safety. METHODS: This study enrolled 70 patients with swallowing disorders, mainly attributable to neurologic impairment. All the patients, eligible for both techniques, were randomized to PEG (pull method) or SG. The groups were comparable in terms of age, body mass index, and underlying diseases. Complications were reported 7 and 30 days after the operative procedure. RESULTS: The procedures were successfully completed for all the patients. The median operative time was 15 min for PEG and 35 min for SG (p < 0.001). The rate of complications was lower for PEG (42.9%) than for SG (74.3%; p < 0.01). The 30-day mortality rates were 5.7% for PEG and 14.3% for SG (nonsignificant difference). CONCLUSION: The findings show PEG to be an efficient method for gastrostomy tube placement with a lower complication rate than SG. In addition, PEG is faster to perform and requires fewer medical resources. The authors consider PEG to be the primary procedure for gastrostomy tube placement.
M Ljungdahl; M Sundbom
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial     Date:  2006-07-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgical endoscopy     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1432-2218     ISO Abbreviation:  Surg Endosc     Publication Date:  2006 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-08-17     Completed Date:  2006-09-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8806653     Medline TA:  Surg Endosc     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1248-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Surgery, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Deglutition Disorders / surgery*
Gastroscopy / adverse effects*,  mortality
Gastrostomy / adverse effects*,  methods*,  mortality
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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