Document Detail


Complicated induced abortion in Sagamu, Nigeria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12521731     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A review of cases of induced abortion managed at Ogun State University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu from January 1988 to December 1997 is presented. One hundred and two cases were treated for various complaints and complications of induced abortion during the period of review. The mean age in years was 24.6+/-5.8. The groups 20-24 years, 15-19 years and 25-29 years constituted 39.2%, 23.5% and 18.6%, respectively, of the patients. Mean parity was 1.7+/-1.8. Thirty-eight point two per cent, 30.4% and 17.6% were para zero, 2-4 and 1, respectively. Fifty-one per cent of the patients were single. Thirty-four point three per cent, 15.7% and 2.0% of the patients have had one, two and three induced abortions before. Forty-five point one per cent of the patients refused to disclose where and who performed the abortion, while 31.4%, 10.8% and 7.8% of the abortions were carried out by physicians, quacks and nurses. Forty-five point one per cent of the patients procured the abortion at the gestational age of 13-24 weeks, while 26.5% waited for 10 days and over after the abortions before seeking for medical help. Thirty-six point eight per cent and 26.3% of operators in fatal cases were physicians and nurses, respectively. The mean admission interval after abortion for fatal cases was 11.1+/-3.2 days and 4.0+/-3.5 days for other cases that survived and the difference was significant (t=8.0930; P<0.001). Eighty-five point three per cent had never used any form of contraception. Seventy-nine point four per cent, 61.8% and 6.9% of the patients presented with bleeding per vaginam, abdominal pains and fever, respectively. The most common complications were anaemia (56.9%), haemorrhages (46.1%), sepsis (33.3%) and maternal death (18.6%). The maternal mortality ratio was 18 627.5 per 100 000. The difference between maternal mortality ratio due to abortion and the general population (1578.9) was statistically significant (chi(2)=126.4281, P<0.001). Sunction aspiration (76.5%) and exploratory laparatomy (9.8%) were the most common operations performed. The findings in this series further highlight the urgent need to eliminate or reduce substantially the factors responsible for septic induced abortion.
Authors:
A O Sule-Odu; A O Olatunji; R A Akindele
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology : the journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0144-3615     ISO Abbreviation:  J Obstet Gynaecol     Publication Date:  2002 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-01-10     Completed Date:  2003-02-07     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309140     Medline TA:  J Obstet Gynaecol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  58-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Obafemi Awolowo College of Health Sciences, Ogun State University Teaching Hospital, PMB 2001, Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abortion, Induced / adverse effects*,  statistics & numerical data
Adolescent
Adult
Female
Humans
Nigeria
Pregnancy

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