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Compliance of cigarette smokers with scheduled visits for supportive periodontal therapy (SPT).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24527779     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
AIM: To evaluate the compliance of cigarette smokers with scheduled visits for supportive periodontal therapy (SPT).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Qualitative and quantitative analyses of compliance with scheduled SPT visits were performed using retrospective data from patients undergoing dental hygiene treatment at the Medi School of Dental Hygiene (MSDH), Bern, Switzerland 1985-2011.
RESULTS: A total of 1'336 patients were identified with 32.1% (n=429) being smokers, 23.1% (n=308) former smokers, and 44.8% (n=599) non-smokers. Qualitatively, significantly less smokers returned for SPT than non-smokers or former smokers (p=0.0026) while 25.9% (n=346) never returned for SPT. Further quantitative analysis of patients returning twice or more (n=883) revealed that the overall mean%-compliance was 69.8% (SD±22.04) while smokers complied with 67.0% (SD±22.00), former smokers with 69.7% (SD±22.03), and non-smokers with 71.7% (SD±21.92) reaching statistical significance (p=0.0111). Confounder adjusted analysis, however, revealed that older age (p=0.0001), female gender (p=0.0058), longer SPT intervals (p<0.0001), and higher severity of periodontal disease (p<0.0001) had a much greater impact on%-compliance than smoking (p=0.7636).
CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggests that qualitatively, smokers return less likely for SPT than non-smokers or former smokers while quantitatively, a lower mean%-compliance of smokers attending scheduled SPT visits may be attributed to confounders. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Christoph A Ramseier; Salome Kobrehel; Petra Staub; Anton Sculean; Niklaus P Lang; Giovanni E Salvi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-2-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical periodontology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1600-051X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Clin. Periodontol.     Publication Date:  2014 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-2-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0425123     Medline TA:  J Clin Periodontol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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