Document Detail

Compliance of children with moderate to severe intellectual disability to treadmill walking: a pilot study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18179510     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Intellectual Disability (ID) exhibit reduced levels of compliance to exercise, including treadmill walking. The purpose of this study was to measure the effects of several training conditions on compliance to participation in treadmill walking of children with moderate to severe ID. METHOD: Criteria for compliance were the averaged number of times participants attempted to discontinue walking during two 5-min exercise sessions of treadmill walking at an intensity of 65-75% of predicted maximal HR. Fifteen children aged 5-11 with moderate to severe ID participated in the study. Training conditions were (a) close supervisor's position, (b) distant supervisor's position, (c) positive reinforcement, and (d) paired modeling. RESULTS: General linear mixed model statistics revealed significant differences in favor of the paired modeling and positive reinforcement compared to the other conditions. Leaning forward was the most frequent type of participants' attempt to stop exercising. CONCLUSIONS: Paired modeling and positive reinforcement should be considered within treadmill training programs for children with moderate to severe ID.
E Vashdi; Y Hutzler; D Roth
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial     Date:  2008-01-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of intellectual disability research : JIDR     Volume:  52     ISSN:  1365-2788     ISO Abbreviation:  J Intellect Disabil Res     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-17     Completed Date:  2008-07-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9206090     Medline TA:  J Intellect Disabil Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  371-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
The Zinman College at the Winsgate Institute and Beit Issie Shapiro, Ra'anana, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Child Behavior / psychology
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Exercise / psychology*
Exercise Test
Mental Retardation / psychology*
Mentally Disabled Persons / psychology*
Patient Compliance / psychology*,  statistics & numerical data
Pilot Projects
Reinforcement (Psychology)
Severity of Illness Index
Walking / psychology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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