Document Detail


Compliance of Dunedin school playground equipment with the New Zealand playground standard.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11494995     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Injuries resulting from falls from playground equipment are a public health concern in New Zealand. Like many other countries, New Zealand has a safety standard aimed at reducing the incidence and severity of these injuries by limiting the height from which children can fall from playground equipment and requiring the provision of impact-absorbing surfaces beneath equipment from which falls are possible. The purpose of this study was to examine progress towards achieving compliance with these requirements in Dunedin school playgrounds. METHODS: Sixty-two schools were audited over the summer of 1997/98 and information recorded on equipment type, maximum fall height, surface type, and depth of loose-fill surface materials. Comparisons were made with audits conducted in 1989 and 1981. RESULTS: Substantial increases in the amount of playground equipment and in the provision of impact-absorbing surfaces were observed. A small increase in compliance with the requirement that the maximum fall height of equipment not exceed 2.5 metres was also observed. CONCLUSIONS: Any gains in safety achieved through increased compliance with the height and surface requirements of the New Zealand Standard have been counteracted by the substantial increase in the amount of equipment available in playgrounds. IMPLICATIONS: A more drastic measure is needed to achieve a meaningful reduction in the incidence of injury following falls from playground equipment.
Authors:
D J Chalmers; M L Parry; A I Crawford; C S Wright
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Australian and New Zealand journal of public health     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1326-0200     ISO Abbreviation:  Aust N Z J Public Health     Publication Date:  2001 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-08-09     Completed Date:  2001-08-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9611095     Medline TA:  Aust N Z J Public Health     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  253-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, New Zealand. david.chalmers@ipru.otago.ac.nz
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidental Falls / prevention & control*
Child
Equipment Design / standards
Equipment Safety / standards*
Female
Guideline Adherence*
Humans
Male
New Zealand
Play and Playthings*
Schools / standards*
Wounds and Injuries / prevention & control*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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