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Complex shoulder arthroplasty in patients with skeletal dysplasia can decrease pain and improve function.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24725903     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Patients with skeletal dysplasia are prone to the development of degenerative shoulder disease requiring shoulder arthroplasty at a younger age than in the general population. To date there have been no published reports on the complexities or outcome of shoulder arthroplasty in this unique patient group.
METHODS: This is a review of 13 shoulder arthroplasties in 10 patients with skeletal dysplasia with mean follow-up of 7 years (2-17.6 years). There were 4 men and 6 women with a mean age of 53.1 years (23-76 years), mean height of 148 cm (122-177 cm), and mean weight of 60 kg (27-80 kg).
RESULTS: The mean Oxford Shoulder Score increased from 13 (5-20) preoperatively to 28 (18-38) at final follow-up. Patients improved significantly in 2 of 8 Short Form 36 health-related quality of life domains: physical function (P = .04) and bodily pain (P = .04). Function was better in those who underwent nonconstrained total shoulder arthroplasty as opposed to hemiarthroplasty. Four (31%) required reoperation: 1 excision of heterotopic ossification, 1 relocation for anterior instability, and 2 revisions for periprosthetic fracture and glenoid erosion.
CONCLUSION: Shoulder arthroplasty is effective at relieving pain, optimizing movement, and improving function for patients with skeletal dysplasia; however, compared with the general population, there is a higher complication rate and function is not as good. Furthermore, this procedure is less effective at restoring health-related quality of life than total hip arthroplasty or total shoulder arthroplasty performed for osteoarthritis in the general population. Custom implants may be required to compensate for short stature and rotator cuff and glenoid deficiency.
Authors:
Mathew D Sewell; Nawfal Al-Hadithy; Deborah Higgs; Ian Bayley; Mark Falworth; Simon Lambert
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-4-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery / American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons ... [et al.]     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-6500     ISO Abbreviation:  J Shoulder Elbow Surg     Publication Date:  2014 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-4-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9206499     Medline TA:  J Shoulder Elbow Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
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