Document Detail

Complementary feeding: inappropriate practices in infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20401426     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
OBJECTIVE: To assess feeding practices and dietary intake of healthy infants in three Brazilian municipalities.
METHODS: By means of a prospective study, we analyzed the food record of 7 consecutive days of an intentional sample (quota and weighted sampling) of 179 healthy infants, aged between 4 and 12 months, from the municipalities of Curitiba, São Paulo, and Recife, Brazil, who were not being exclusively breastfed. Mothers received oral and written information provided by a nutritionist with the purpose of standardizing the feeding data. The computer program NutWin was used to calculate the dietary intake.
RESULTS: The median of the infants' age was 6.8 months (4.0-12.6 months). We found that 50.3% of the infants were no longer being exclusively breastfed. Of these, 12.0 and 6.7% among the infants younger and older than 6 months, respectively, were fed with infant formulae instead of breast milk. Therefore, most infants received whole cow's milk. Infant formula dilution was correct in only 23.8 and 34.7% of the infants younger and older than 6 months old, respectively. With regards to complementary feeding, we found that the median age was 4 months for its introduction and 5.5 months for the introduction of family diet. There was high quantitative inappropriateness of micronutrient intake for infants between 6 and 12 months old who were not exclusively breastfed, mainly in terms of zinc (75%) and iron (45%).
CONCLUSION: The present study showed a high frequency of inappropriate feeding practices and dietary intake in very young infants. These practices may lead to an increased risk of development of chronic diseases in the future.
Michelle Cavalcante Caetano; Thaís Tobaruela Ortiz Ortiz; Simone Guerra Lopes da Silva; Fabíola Isabel Suano de Souza; Roseli Oselka Saccardo Sarni
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-04-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Jornal de pediatria     Volume:  86     ISSN:  1678-4782     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pediatr (Rio J)     Publication Date:    2010 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985188R     Medline TA:  J Pediatr (Rio J)     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  196-201     Citation Subset:  IM    
Faculdade de Medicina da Fundação do ABC (FMABC), Santo André, SP, Brazil.
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Comment In:
J Pediatr (Rio J). 2010 May-Jun;86(3):169-70   [PMID:  20520924 ]

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