Document Detail


Complementary feeding: inappropriate practices in infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20401426     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To assess feeding practices and dietary intake of healthy infants in three Brazilian municipalities.
METHODS: By means of a prospective study, we analyzed the food record of 7 consecutive days of an intentional sample (quota and weighted sampling) of 179 healthy infants, aged between 4 and 12 months, from the municipalities of Curitiba, São Paulo, and Recife, Brazil, who were not being exclusively breastfed. Mothers received oral and written information provided by a nutritionist with the purpose of standardizing the feeding data. The computer program NutWin was used to calculate the dietary intake.
RESULTS: The median of the infants' age was 6.8 months (4.0-12.6 months). We found that 50.3% of the infants were no longer being exclusively breastfed. Of these, 12.0 and 6.7% among the infants younger and older than 6 months, respectively, were fed with infant formulae instead of breast milk. Therefore, most infants received whole cow's milk. Infant formula dilution was correct in only 23.8 and 34.7% of the infants younger and older than 6 months old, respectively. With regards to complementary feeding, we found that the median age was 4 months for its introduction and 5.5 months for the introduction of family diet. There was high quantitative inappropriateness of micronutrient intake for infants between 6 and 12 months old who were not exclusively breastfed, mainly in terms of zinc (75%) and iron (45%).
CONCLUSION: The present study showed a high frequency of inappropriate feeding practices and dietary intake in very young infants. These practices may lead to an increased risk of development of chronic diseases in the future.
Authors:
Michelle Cavalcante Caetano; Thaís Tobaruela Ortiz Ortiz; Simone Guerra Lopes da Silva; Fabíola Isabel Suano de Souza; Roseli Oselka Saccardo Sarni
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-04-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Jornal de pediatria     Volume:  86     ISSN:  1678-4782     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pediatr (Rio J)     Publication Date:    2010 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985188R     Medline TA:  J Pediatr (Rio J)     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  196-201     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Faculdade de Medicina da Fundação do ABC (FMABC), Santo André, SP, Brazil.
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Comment In:
J Pediatr (Rio J). 2010 May-Jun;86(3):169-70   [PMID:  20520924 ]

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