Document Detail

Complementary and alternative medicine use among Chinese and white Canadians.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19005129     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
ABSTRACTOBJECTIVEThis study aimed to describe the level of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use and the factors associated with CAM use among Chinese and white Canadians.DESIGNA cross-sectional telephone survey conducted in English, Cantonese, and Mandarin.SETTINGCalgary, Alta.PARTICIPANTSChinese and white residents of Calgary aged 18 or older.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURESRates of use of 11 CAM therapies, particularly herbal therapy, massage, chiropractic care, and acupuncture; reasons for use of CAM therapies.RESULTSSixty percent of 835 Chinese respondents (95% confidence interval [CI] 56.5% to 63.2%) and 59% of 802 white respondents (95% CI 55.1% to 62.0%) had used CAM in the past year. Chinese respondents were more likely to use herbal therapy than white respondents were (48.7% vs 33.7%, P < .001), less likely to use massage (17.1% vs 30.4%, P < .001) and chiropractic care (8.4% vs 21.2%, P < .001), but equally likely to use acupuncture (8.3% vs 7.9%, P = .173). The common factor associated with herbal therapy, acupuncture, or massage use among Chinese and white respondents was receiving a CAM recommendation from a family member or friend. Factors unique to either Chinese or white CAM users varied by therapy. For example, herbal therapy use for Chinese respondents was associated with the presence of chronic disease (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 2.15, 95% CI 1.09 to 4.24 for having 3 diseases compared with those without chronic disease), beliefs about the effectiveness of herbal therapy (AOR 1.56, 95% CI 1.12 to 2.17), and trust in herbal therapy practitioners (AOR 1.72, 95% CI 1.24 to 2.37). Herbal therapy use for white respondents was associated with the beliefs that herbal treatment had fewer side effects than prescription drugs (AOR 1.81, 95% CI 1.31 to 2.50) and that herbalists took a holistic approach (AOR 2.07, 95% CI 1.49 to 2.87).CONCLUSIONWhile the percentage of CAM use was similar in both groups, Chinese Canadians mainly used herbal therapy and white Canadians used a range of CAM therapies. Factors associated with CAM use varied with ethnicity and type of CAM therapy. Presence of chronic disease, however, was an important factor for Chinese Canadians. That finding suggests that Chinese Canadians use CAM for the treatment of chronic disease, while white Canadians use such therapies for disease treatment and health maintenance.
Hude Quan; Daniel Lai; Delaine Johnson; Marja Verhoef; Richard Musto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian family physician M?decin de famille canadien     Volume:  54     ISSN:  1715-5258     ISO Abbreviation:  Can Fam Physician     Publication Date:  2008 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-11-13     Completed Date:  2009-03-04     Revised Date:  2010-06-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0120300     Medline TA:  Can Fam Physician     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1563-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Calgary, Community Health Sciences, 3330 Hospital Dr NW, Calgary, AB.
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MeSH Terms
Asian Continental Ancestry Group*
China / ethnology
Complementary Therapies / utilization*
Cross-Sectional Studies
European Continental Ancestry Group*
Health Care Surveys
Middle Aged
Patient Acceptance of Health Care / ethnology*
Socioeconomic Factors
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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