Document Detail


Comparisons of the effects of acupuncture, electroacupuncture, and transcutaneous cranial electrical stimulation on the minimum alveolar concentration of isoflurane in dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16173479     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of acupuncture (AP), electroacupuncture (EA), and transcutaneous cranial electrical stimulation (TCES) with high-frequency intermittent currents on the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of isoflurane and associated cardiovascular variables in dogs. ANIMALS: 8 healthy adult female Beagles. PROCEDURE: Each dog was anesthetized with isoflurane on 4 occasions, allowing a minimum of 10 days between experiments. Isoflurane MAC values were determined for each dog without treatment (controls) and after treatment with AP and EA (AP points included the Large Intestine 4, Lung 7, Governing Vessel 20, Governing Vessel 14, San Tai, and Baihui) and TCES. Isoflurane MAC values were determined by use of noxious electrical buccal stimulation. Heart rate, mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), arterial blood oxygen saturation (Spo2) measured by use of pulse oximetry, esophageal body temperature, inspired and expired end-tidal isoflurane concentrations, end-tidal carbon dioxide concentration, and bispectral index (BIS) were monitored. Blood samples were collected for determination of plasma cortisol concentration. RESULTS: Mean +/- SD baseline MAC of isoflurane was 1.19 +/- 0.1%. Acupuncture did not significantly change MAC of isoflurane. Treatments with EA and TCES significantly lowered the MAC of isoflurane by 10.1% and 13.4%, respectively. The Spo2, heart rate, MAP, BIS, esophageal body temperature, and plasma cortisol concentration were not significantly different after AP, EA, TCES, and control treatments at any time interval. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Use of EA and TCES decreased MAC of isoflurane in dogs without inducing adverse hemodynamic effects. However, the reduction in isoflurane MAC by EA andTCES treatments was not considered clinically relevant.
Authors:
Lindsey B Culp; Roman T Skarda; William W Muir
Related Documents :
25059109 - Sociocultural risk factors for compulsive exercise: a prospective study of adolescents.
636809 - Hemodynamics during superficial thiopental anesthesia in the dog.
23289529 - T'ai chi as exercise among middle-aged and elderly chinese in urban china.
7199839 - Transcutaneous po2 as a trend indicator of arterial po2 in normal anesthesized adults.
23936749 - Effects of different warm-up programs on golf performance in elite male golfers.
6526989 - Infusion of intravenous fluids distal to pneumatic antishock trousers.
9174249 - Prostaglandin uptake and catabolism by the choroid plexus during development in sheep.
23326709 - Marathon runner with acute hyponatremia: a neurological disorder.
463569 - Post-exercise changes in muscle glycogen content and blood metabolites in the dogs trea...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of veterinary research     Volume:  66     ISSN:  0002-9645     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Vet. Res.     Publication Date:  2005 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-21     Completed Date:  2005-10-18     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375011     Medline TA:  Am J Vet Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1364-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acupuncture Therapy / veterinary*
Anesthesia, Inhalation / methods,  veterinary*
Anesthetics, Inhalation / pharmacokinetics*
Animals
Blood Pressure
Body Temperature
Cross-Over Studies
Dogs / metabolism,  physiology,  surgery*
Electroacupuncture / veterinary
Female
Heart Rate
Hydrocortisone / blood
Isoflurane / pharmacokinetics*
Pulmonary Alveoli / metabolism
Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation / veterinary*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anesthetics, Inhalation; 26675-46-7/Isoflurane; 50-23-7/Hydrocortisone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Effects of preoperative administration of carprofen on renal function and hemostasis in dogs undergo...
Next Document:  Evaluation of expected response to selection for orthopedic health and performance traits in Hanover...