Document Detail


Comparisons among external resistive loading, drug-induced bronchospasm, and dense gas breathing in cats: roles of vagal and spinal afferents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8505853     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In anesthetized cats, breathing spontaneously, increase in lung resistance (RL) was induced by either external resistive loads (ERL) or internal loading produced by dense gas breathing (sulfur hexafluoride, SF6) or serotonin (5-HT)-induced bronchoconstriction. The 3 test agents were used in each animal. Arterial blood gases were maintained in the normal range. Ventilatory and cardiovascular responses were studied in 3 groups of animals: intact, vagotomized, or spinalized at C8 level, a condition that preserved diaphragmatic afferents. In intact or spinal animals, ERL as well as SF6 inhalation lengthened the inspiratory and/or the expiratory periods, whereas 5-HT injections elicited rapid shallow breathing. The changes in ventilatory timing with either type of load were not observed in vagotomized cats. In all animals, ERL breathing or 5-HT injections increased the moving-time average of diaphragmatic EMG measured at constant time (Edi 0.1 and 0.5 secs), but this was not observed during SF6 inhalation, a condition in which the magnitude of RL increase was less than in the 2 other situations. The changes in systemic arterial blood pressure and/or cardiac frequency were mostly associated with 5 HT-induced bronchoconstriction. They persisted in spinalized cats, but were not observed or reversed in vagotomized ones. These observations demonstrate that vagal afferents play a major role in the changes in ventilatory timing and cardiovascular function in response to both external or internal moderate resistive loading. The existence of Edi changes in the 3 groups of cats suggests also that diaphragmatic afferents, preserved in both situations, are involved in this response.
Authors:
J R Barrière; S Delpierre; M J Del Volgo; Y Jammes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Lung     Volume:  171     ISSN:  0341-2040     ISO Abbreviation:  Lung     Publication Date:  1993  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-07-08     Completed Date:  1993-07-08     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7701875     Medline TA:  Lung     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  125-36     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratoire de Physiologie Respiratoire, Faculté de Médecine, Marseille, France.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abdominal Muscles / innervation
Afferent Pathways / drug effects,  physiopathology
Airway Resistance / drug effects,  physiology*
Animals
Bronchial Spasm / chemically induced,  physiopathology*
Cats
Diaphragm / innervation
Electromyography / drug effects
Intercostal Nerves / drug effects,  physiopathology
Lung Diseases, Obstructive / chemically induced,  physiopathology
Respiratory Center / drug effects,  physiopathology
Serotonin / pharmacology
Spinal Nerves / drug effects,  physiopathology*
Sulfur Hexafluoride / pharmacology
Vagus Nerve / drug effects,  physiopathology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
2551-62-4/Sulfur Hexafluoride; 50-67-9/Serotonin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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