Document Detail

Comparison of water-based foam and carbon dioxide gas mass emergency depopulation of White Pekin ducks.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23155013     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The mass depopulation of production birds remains an effective means of controlling fast-moving, highly infectious diseases such as avian influenza and virulent Newcastle disease. Two experiments were performed to compare the physiological responses of White Pekin commercial ducks during foam depopulation and CO(2) gas depopulation. Both experiment 1 (5 to 9 wk of age) and 2 (8 to 14 wk of age) used electroencephalogram, electrocardiogram, and accelerometer to monitor and evaluate the difference in time to unconsciousness, motion cessation, brain death, altered terminal cardiac activity, duration of bradycardia, and elapsed time from onset of bradycardia to onset of unconsciousness between foam and CO(2) gas. Experiment 2 also added a third treatment, foam + atropine injection, to evaluate the effect of suppressing bradycardia. Experiment 1 resulted in significantly shorter times for all 6 physiological points for CO(2) gas compared with foam, whereas experiment 2 found that there were no significant differences between foam and CO(2) gas for these physiological points except brain death, in which CO(2) was significantly faster than foam and duration of bradycardia, which was shorter for CO(2). Experiment 2 also determined there was a significant positive correlation between duration of bradycardia and time to unconsciousness, motion cessation, brain death, and altered terminal cardiac activity. The time to unconsciousness, motion cessation, brain death, and altered terminal cardiac activity was significantly faster for the treatment foam + atropine injection compared with foam. Both experiments showed that bradycardia can occur as a result of either submersion in foam or exposure to CO(2) gas. The duration of bradycardia has a significant impact on the time it takes White Pekin ducks to reach unconsciousness and death during depopulation.
M P Caputo; E R Benson; E M Pritchett; D P Hougentogler; P Jain; C Patil; A L Johnson; R L Alphin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  91     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3057-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Animal and Food Sciences, and.
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