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Comparison of Symbicort(®) versus Pulmicort(®) on steroid pharmacodynamic markers in asthma patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21903370     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Combination therapy with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and long-acting β(2)-adrenergic agonists (LABA) is reported to have superior effects on controlling asthma symptoms to ICS alone; however, there is no molecular-based evidence to explain the clinical effects. Here, the effect of the ICS/LABA combination was compared with ICS on glucocorticoid receptor (GR) activation in sputum macrophages. METHODS: In a randomised, double-blind cross-over placebo-controlled 6-visit study, 10 patients with mild asthma were given placebo, formoterol (Oxis(®) 12 μg), budesonide (Pulmicort(®) 200 μg :BUD200, or 800 μg :BUD800), or budesonide/formoterol combination (Symbicort(®)) as a single 100/6 μg (SYM100) or double 200/12 μg (SYM200) dose. Sputum macrophages were separated by plate adhesion from induced sputum. GR binding to the glucocorticoid-response elements on oligonucleotides (GR-GRE binding) was evaluated by ELISA. mRNA expression of MAP-kinase phosphatase (MKP)-1 and IL-8 were measured by quantitative RT-PCR. RESULTS: GR-GRE binding was significantly increased after treatment with SYM100 (3.5 OD/10 μg protein, median, p < 0.05) versus placebo (1.3) and BUD200 (1.6), and the induction was higher than that of BUD800 (2.4). MKP-1 mRNA was increased and IL-8 mRNA was significantly inhibited by BUD800, SYM100 and SYM200 versus placebo. CONCLUSIONS: The effects of SYM100 and SYM200 on GR activation were not different from that of BUD800 and superior to BUD200. Thus, it has been confirmed at a molecular level that inhaled combination therapy with a lower dose of budesonide has an equivalent effect to a high dose of budesonide alone. In addition, GR-GRE binding is found to be a valuable pharmacodynamic marker for steroid efficacy in clinical studies. (Registration No. NCT00159263).
Sarah Essilfie-Quaye; Kazuhiro Ito; Misako Ito; Sergei A Kharitonov; Peter J Barnes
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Respiratory medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-3064     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8908438     Medline TA:  Respir Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Airway Disease, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College, Dovehouse street, London SW3 6LY, UK.
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