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Comparison of various treatment modalities for acute tinnitus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22109762     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Because in most cases the development of tinnitus is triggered by cochlear damage, there exists the opportunity to eliminate tinnitus while the cochlear lesion is still reversible. Therefore, we evaluated the therapeutic effects of various treatment modalities on acute subjective idiopathic tinnitus (SIT) and investigated prognostic factors affecting the treatment outcome.
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, controlled, double-blind trial.
METHODS: A total 107 patients who underwent treatment for unilateral SIT that had developed within the previous 3 months completed the study. The patients were randomly assigned into three groups according to the treatment modality: group I (n = 32), alprazolam orally for 3 months; group II (n = 35), as for group I plus four intratympanic dexamethasone (ITD) injections; and group III (n = 40), as for group II plus four intravenous injections of lipo-prostaglandin E(1) .
RESULTS: The improvement rate of group II (75.8%) was significantly higher than that of group I (40.3%; P < .05), and there was no significant difference in the improvement rate of group III (50.0%) compared with groups I and II (P > .05). The cure rates of group II (25.8%) and group III (20.0%) were significantly higher than that of group I (9.8%; P < .05). There was a significant correlation between the cure rate and duration of symptoms.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study indicate that ITD injection plus alprazolam medication is the best treatment choice for acute SIT within 3 months of development. Laryngoscope, 121:2619-2625, 2011.
Authors:
Hyun Joon Shim; Seong Jun Song; A Young Choi; Rae Hyung Lee; Sang Won Yoon
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Laryngoscope     Volume:  121     ISSN:  1531-4995     ISO Abbreviation:  Laryngoscope     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8607378     Medline TA:  Laryngoscope     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2619-25     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 The American Laryngological, Rhinological, and Otological Society, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Eulji Hospital, Eulji University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. eardoc@eulji.ac.kr.
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