Document Detail


Comparison of the utilisation of palm kernel meal, brewers' dried grains and maize offal by broiler chicks.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9649879     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. Palm kernel meal (PKM), brewers dried grains (BDG) and maize offal (MO) were included in broiler diets, each at 100, 150 or 200 g/kg; the diets were fed up to 35 d of age. 2. Overall food intake and weight gain decreased in the order BDG, PKM and MO. There were, however, significant interactions between the test ingredients and dietary concentrations in all the growth responses. Food intakes increased with the dietary concentrations of each test ingredient, but the increase was greater for BDG than PKM or MO. For weight gain, at 100 g/kg, the final body weights of the chicks fed on the diets with BDG and MO were similar, and those of chicks fed on the diet with PKM slightly lower. However, at 200 g/kg, growth rate of chicks fed on the BDG and PKM diets were similar while those of chicks fed on the MO diet was 7% lower. Efficiency of food utilisation was similar at 100 g/kg for all the ingredients and decreased as their concentrations increased; however, the decrease was considerably less for the PKM than for the MO and BDG diets. 3. Broilers fed on the BDG-based diets voided most excreta followed by those fed on the PKM and MO diets; excreta water content was highest from birds fed on the MO diets followed by the PKM and BDG diets. Apparent retention of dry matter was similar with all the test ingredients, but it decreased only significantly at 200 g/kg dietary concentration. The rate of passage was faster with the PKM diets followed by the MO and BDG diets; it was increased at 200 g/kg dietary concentration of the test ingredients.
Authors:
A A Onifade; G M Babatunde
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British poultry science     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0007-1668     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  1998 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-09-16     Completed Date:  1998-09-16     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15740290R     Medline TA:  Br Poult Sci     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  245-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Science, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed*
Animals
Chickens / growth & development*
Digestion
Energy Intake
Flour
Food, Fortified
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Seeds
Weight Gain
Zea mays

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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