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Comparison of transcoelomic, contrast transcoelomic, and transesophageal echocardiography in anesthetized red-tailed hawks (Buteo jamaicensis).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23013181     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objective-To assess the agreement and reliability of cardiac measurements obtained with 3 echocardiographic techniques in anesthetized red-tailed hawks (Buteo jamaicensis). Animals-10 red-tailed hawks. Procedures-Transcoelomic, contrast transcoelomic, and transesophageal echocardiographic evaluations of the hawks were performed, and cineloops of imaging planes were recorded. Three observers performed echocardiographic measurements of cardiac variables 3 times on 3 days. The order in which hawks were assessed and echocardiographic techniques were used was randomized. Results were analyzed with linear mixed modeling, agreement was assessed with intraclass correlation coefficients, and variation was estimated with coefficients of variation. Results-Significant differences were evident among the 3 echocardiographic methods for most measurements, and the agreement among findings was generally low. Interobserver agreement was generally low to medium. Intraobserver agreement was generally medium to high. Overall, better agreement was achieved for the left ventricular measurements and for the transesophageal approach than for other measurements and techniques. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Echocardiographic measurements in hawks were not reliable, except when the left ventricle was measured by the same observer. Furthermore, cardiac morphometric measurements may not be clinically important. When measurements are required, one needs to consider that follow-up measurements should be performed by the same echocardiographer and should show at least a 20% difference from initial measurements to be confident that any difference is genuine.
Authors:
Hugues Beaufrère; Romain Pariaut; Daniel Rodriguez; Javier G Nevarez; Thomas N Tully
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of veterinary research     Volume:  73     ISSN:  1943-5681     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Vet. Res.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375011     Medline TA:  Am J Vet Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1560-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803.
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