Document Detail


Comparison of three simulation-based training methods for management of medical emergencies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16987587     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Trainee medical officers (TMOs) participated in a study comparing three methods of simulation-based training to treat medical emergencies occurring in a hospital setting. The methods were: All groups had the same total teaching time. Participants (n=61) had an initial (pre-training) assessment by written tests, self assessment and simulations of medical emergencies ('VT' and 'HYPOglycaemia'). Participants were tested again post-training using similar simulations to the initial scenario and a new scenario ('ANAphylaxis'). Trained 'experts', blinded to the teaching group of participants, watched video-CDs of the simulations to assess participants' performance. All groups demonstrated increased knowledge and confidence (pre-training scores compared to post-training) but no differences could be detected between the three groups. In simulated emergencies, post-training scores were also improved. There was no difference between groups in the 'HYPO' scenario but in the 'VT' scenario there was moderate evidence that Group 3 was superior. In the 'ANA' scenario, Group 3 had far better test scores, especially in behavioural items. There did not appear to be any significant advantage of using whole body manikins over CSBT and simple part-task trainers. Full-mission simulation training helped develop the ability to recognise when skills learnt to manage one type of medical emergency can be useful in managing another emergency not previously encountered.
Authors:
Harry Owen; Bruce Mugford; Val Follows; John L Plummer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-09-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Resuscitation     Volume:  71     ISSN:  0300-9572     ISO Abbreviation:  Resuscitation     Publication Date:  2006 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-27     Completed Date:  2007-02-05     Revised Date:  2009-08-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0332173     Medline TA:  Resuscitation     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  204-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Flinders University, Bedford Park, SA 5042, Australia. harry.owen@flinders.edu.au
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / education
Clinical Competence
Computer Simulation*
Computer-Assisted Instruction*
Educational Measurement
Emergency Medicine / education*
Hospitals, Teaching
Humans
Manikins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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