Document Detail

Comparison of three incisions to repair complete unilateral cleft lip.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20335871     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The incision design for correcting a unilateral cleft lip is important because all subsequent stages of surgery depend on the access and maneuverability of the incision. This prospective cohort study compares the aesthetic and functional outcomes of three different skin incisions for primary unilateral cleft lip repair.
METHODS: Patients with complete unilateral cleft lips (n = 1200) were enrolled and divided into three groups of 400 patients. Each group of patients was operated on with the Millard incision, Pfeifer wave line incision, or Afroze incision. Outcome assessments were performed 2 years postoperatively and consisted of assessment of the white roll, vermilion border, scar, Cupid's bow, lip length, nostril symmetry, and appearance of alar dome and base.
RESULTS: With regard to white roll, vermilion border, scar, Cupid's bow, and lip length, the Afroze incision always gave superior results compared with the Millard or Pfeifer incision. Depending on the cut-off for treatment success, the Afroze incision also showed better results regarding nostril symmetry. With respect to the alar base and alar dome, all three incisions showed comparable outcomes.
CONCLUSION: The Afroze incision is superior regarding a broad spectrum of outcomes in a heterogeneous population of patients with unilateral cleft lip.
Srinivas Gosla Reddy; Rajgopal R Reddy; Ewald M Bronkhorst; Rajendra Prasad; Anne Marie Kuijpers Jagtman; Stefaan Bergé
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plastic and reconstructive surgery     Volume:  125     ISSN:  1529-4242     ISO Abbreviation:  Plast. Reconstr. Surg.     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-25     Completed Date:  2010-04-23     Revised Date:  2014-10-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1306050     Medline TA:  Plast Reconstr Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1208-16     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Cleft Lip / surgery*
Follow-Up Studies
Logistic Models
Prospective Studies
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods*
Surgical Flaps*
Treatment Outcome
Comment In:
Plast Reconstr Surg. 2010 Apr;125(4):1217-9   [PMID:  20335872 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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