Document Detail


Comparison of three commercial ultrasonic nebulizers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10719784     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The clinical acceptance of the initial ultrasonic nebulizers was impeded by their production of significant quantities of droplets larger than the respirable range that could have resulted in poor pulmonary deposition of nebulized medications. Subsequent modifications in the design of ultrasonic nebulizers have occurred. Overall nebulizer performance characteristics of the newer ultrasonic devices have not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: Three commercially available ultrasonic nebulizers (DeVilbiss-Pulmosonic, Omron-Microair, Rhône Poulenc-Rorer-Fisoneb) were studied to compare the aerosol output characteristics. METHODS: The parameters studied were total volume output (TVO), time to nebulize total output (TTO), percent of droplets with volume diameters in the respirable range (PDVRR, 1 to 5 microm), albuterol concentration during nebulization, and the total drug delivered. All nebulizers were filled with 2.5 mL of saline and 0.5 mL of albuterol nebulizer solution. Three units from each manufacturer, each from a different lot, were evaluated in duplicate. RESULTS: The nebulizer with the largest volume output was the Omron (mean 2.94 mL), which also demonstrated the longest nebulization time (mean 10.3 min). The DeVilbiss and Rhône Poulenc-Rorer units delivered smaller volumes (mean 2.5 mL, 2.4 mL, respectively) but nebulized more rapidly (mean 2.21 min, 3.54 min, respectively). The Omron nebulizer generated the highest PDVRR with a mean of 38%. The DeVilbiss had a mean PDVRR of 16% and the Rhône Poulenc-Rorer a mean PDVRR of 21%. The majority of droplets from all three machines had a volume diameter smaller than the respirable range, ie, in the 0.5 to 1.0 microm range (Omron-60%, DeVilbiss-83%, Rhône Poulenc-Rorer-79%). For all three nebulizers there appeared to be no concentrating or diluting effect during nebulization implying that equal quantities of albuterol and diluent were delivered. The Rhône Poulenc-Rorer units demonstrated the greatest unit-to-unit variability with respect to TVO while the Omron units demonstrated the greatest unit to unit variability with respect to TTO. CONCLUSION: We conclude that several improvements in the design of ultrasonic nebulizers have resulted in the reduction of the size of the droplets generated. Our evaluation of the three commercially available ultrasonic nebulizers revealed that the majority of droplets generated were within or below the respirable range. There was no concentrating or diluting effect during nebulization for all three nebulizers. The output characteristics of the three devices differ and this will effect the delivery time as well as amount of drug delivered to the lungs.
Authors:
R K Katial; C Reisner; A Buchmeier; B B Bartelson; H S Nelson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology : official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology     Volume:  84     ISSN:  1081-1206     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol.     Publication Date:  2000 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-03-30     Completed Date:  2000-03-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503580     Medline TA:  Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  255-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Allergy and Immunology, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC 20307, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aerosols
Humans
Nebulizers and Vaporizers*
Respiratory Mechanics
Ultrasonic Therapy
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Aerosols

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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