Document Detail


Comparison of thermic effects of constant and relative caloric loads in lean and obese men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2404397     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Controversy regarding defective thermic effect of food (TEF) in obesity might be related to differences among studies in the caloric loads. To clarify further the role of blunted thermogenesis in obesity, responses to the same absolute caloric load (720 kcal) and a relative load, which was 35% of each subject's resting metabolic rate (RMR), were compared in 11 lean (L) and 11 obese (O) men. The relative load was slightly larger for O than L (752 +/- 27 vs 683 +/- 21 kcal; means +/- SEM, NS). TEF, calculated as 3-h postprandial minus fasting RMR, was greater for L than O for both the 720-kcal (69 +/- 4 vs 31 +/- 3 kcal/3 h, p less than 0.01) and relative loads (64 +/- 4 vs 37 +/- 3 kcal/3 h, p less than 0.01). For L, TEF was greater for the 720-kcal load than for the relative load whereas for O, TEF was greater for the relative than for the 720-kcal meal. However, expressed as a percent of the calories ingested, TEF for the absolute and relative meals was identical for each group, in both cases lower for O (4.2 +/- 0.4% vs. 4.7 +/- 0.3%) than for L (9.7 +/- 0.4% vs 9.3 +/- 0.8%); p less than 0.01. These results demonstrate the impact on thermogenesis of the basis on which the meal is dosed and provide further evidence for defective thermogenesis in obesity.
Authors:
K R Segal; A Edaño; L Blando; F X Pi-Sunyer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  51     ISSN:  0002-9165     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1990 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-02-22     Completed Date:  1990-02-22     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  14-21     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Basal Metabolism
Blood Glucose / analysis
Body Mass Index
Body Temperature Regulation*
Eating
Energy Intake*
Energy Metabolism*
Exercise Test
Fasting
Glucose Tolerance Test
Humans
Insulin / blood
Male
Obesity / metabolism*
Oxygen Consumption
Physical Fitness
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DK26687/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; DK37948/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 11061-68-0/Insulin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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