Document Detail

Comparison of surgical repair with balloon angioplasty for native coarctation in patients from 3 months to 16 years of age.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15082273     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Surgery and balloon angioplasty (BA) for coarctation of the aorta have shown comparable short-term results, but long-term follow-up remains unclear. Comparison of surgical repair and balloon coarctation for native coarctation of the localised membranous form is performed retrospectively. To allow a valid comparison between both techniques, identical inclusion criteria were applied. METHODS: Results of surgery (group A, 18 patients, age 0.30-14 years, median 0.63 years) and BA (group B, 28 patients, age 0.25-15 years, median 5.8 years) for isolated, native coarctation in children >3 months, performed in a 10-year-period, were compared. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed in both groups. Mean follow-up ranged from 2.5 to 11 years (mean 7.2+/-2.4 years) in group A and from 1.4 to 10 years (mean 5.4+/-2.8 years) in group B. RESULTS: Immediate success was obtained in all patients following surgery and 27/28 patients (96%) following BA. No statistical difference between surgery and angioplasty with respect to resultant pressure gradient decreases were found. Mortality was not encountered. Hospital stay varied from 6 to 20 days in group A and was 48 h for all patients in group B. Recoarctation occurred in one patient (5.6%) in group A and in two patients (7%) in group B. Log-rank test reveals no statistical difference in freedom from reintervention probabilities between surgery and angioplasty. Aneurysm formation was not encountered. CONCLUSIONS: Both surgical repair and BA for native coarctation yield low reintervention probabilities in comparable patients. Aneurysm formation was not encountered following different treatment types.
Ronald J Walhout; Jaco C Lekkerkerker; Gordon H Oron; Ger B W E Bennink; Erik J Meijboom
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1010-7940     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Publication Date:  2004 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-04-14     Completed Date:  2004-06-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804069     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  722-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Children's Heart Center, UMC Utrecht, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Angioplasty, Balloon*
Aorta, Thoracic / physiopathology
Aortic Coarctation / surgery,  therapy*
Child, Preschool
Follow-Up Studies
Length of Stay
Pulsatile Flow
Retrospective Studies
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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