Document Detail

Comparison of spinal needles, epidural catheters, and cordis lumbar catheters for intraoperative removal of cerebrospinal fluid.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3344068     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The present study was designed to determine whether the Cordis lumbar catheter is more effective than spinal needles or epidural catheters for intraoperative removal of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). We also sought to determine whether placing two spinal needles, two epidural catheters, or two Cordis CSF catheters per patient provides more effective removal of CSF than placing one such CSF drain. Spinal needles were associated with a higher incidence of fresh blood in the CSF when CSF removal was desired, a lower incidence of adequate volume of CSF drainage, and a higher incidence of the need to reposition needles to continue CSF removal. Epidural catheters were associated with a lower incidence of adequate rate of CSF drainage. The slow rate of CSF drainage with epidural catheters was clinically important because it impaired operative conditions, delayed surgical progress, or both. Cordis CSF catheters took longer to place than spinal needles or epidural catheters. This time difference (about 3 minutes for one CSF catheter and 6 minutes for two) was statistically significant, but probably is not clinically important. The results were similar whether one or two CSF drains were used per patient. It is concluded that Cordis CSF catheters are more effective than spinal needles or epidural catheters for intraoperative removal of CSF. Using two spinal needles, two epidural catheters, or two Cordis CSF catheters per patient did not provide better CSF removal than using one such drain.
A A Artru; R A Katz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurosurgery     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0148-396X     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurosurgery     Publication Date:  1988 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-03-29     Completed Date:  1988-03-29     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802914     Medline TA:  Neurosurgery     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  101-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Anesthesiology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle.
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MeSH Terms
Catheterization / instrumentation*
Cerebrospinal Fluid*
Drainage / methods*
Epidural Space
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Intraoperative Period*
Middle Aged
Spinal Cord*
Surgical Procedures, Operative*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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