Document Detail

Comparison of single-breath and plethysmographic measurements of resistance in infancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7735599     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Single-breath technique (SBT) measurements of total respiratory resistance (Rrs) were compared with plethysmographic measurements of airway resistance (Raw) in healthy infants < or = 13 wk of age (Group 1; n = 49) and > 13 wk of age (Group 2; n = 37) and in infants > 13 wk of age with prior wheeze (Group 3; n = 49). A significantly higher percentage of Rrs (19%) than of Raw (2%) measurements were technically unsatisfactory, alinearity of the flow-volume curve accounting for 54% of Rrs failures. Although both Rrs and Raw were significantly higher in Group 3 infants, between-subject variability was wide in all groups. Rrs was significantly higher than initial expiratory (IE) Raw in all groups. Mean difference Rrs-IE Raw (95% CI) values were 1.98 (1.51, 2.48), 1.29 (0.96, 1.62), and 1.97 (1.56, 2.38) kPa.L-1.s for Groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Significant but smaller differences were seen for end-expiratory (EE) Raw in Groups 1 and 2 but not in Group 3. Mean difference Rrs-EE Raw (95% CI) values were 0.68 (0.11, 1.26), 0.55 (0.19, 0.92), and 0.31 (-0.06, 0.69) kPa.L-1.s for Groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Despite wide between-subject variability in Rrs and a relatively high failure rate, the SBT is simple to use, and it may be applicable to epidemiologic studies. However, clinical applications in individual infants may be limited by failure to detect the dynamic changes in resistance throughout the breath evident from plethysmographic studies.
I Dundas; C A Dezateux; M E Fletcher; E A Jackson; J Stocks
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine     Volume:  151     ISSN:  1073-449X     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med.     Publication Date:  1995 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-06-07     Completed Date:  1995-06-07     Revised Date:  2009-09-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9421642     Medline TA:  Am J Respir Crit Care Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1451-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Portex Anaesthesia, Intensive Therapy and Respiratory Medicine Unit, Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Airway Resistance*
Infant, Newborn
Lung Compliance
Lung Volume Measurements
Respiratory Function Tests / methods*
Respiratory Sounds / physiopathology
Grant Support
//Wellcome Trust

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