Document Detail

Comparison of scoliosis measurements based on three-dimensional vertebra vectors and conventional two-dimensional measurements: advantages in evaluation of prognosis and surgical results.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23341044     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: A new concept of vertebra vectors based on spinal three-dimensional (3D) reconstructions of images from the EOS system, a new low-dose X-ray imaging device, was recently proposed to facilitate interpretation of EOS 3D data, especially with regard to horizontal plane images. This retrospective study was aimed at the evaluation of the spinal layout visualized by EOS 3D and vertebra vectors before and after surgical correction, the comparison of scoliotic spine measurement values based on 3D vertebra vectors with measurements using conventional two-dimensional (2D) methods, and an evaluation of horizontal plane vector parameters for their relationship with the magnitude of scoliotic deformity.
METHODS: 95 patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis operated according to the Cotrel-Dubousset principle were subjected to EOS X-ray examinations pre- and postoperatively, followed by 3D reconstructions and generation of vertebra vectors in a calibrated coordinate system to calculate vector coordinates and parameters, as published earlier. Differences in values of conventional 2D Cobb methods and methods based on vertebra vectors were evaluated by means comparison T test and relationship of corresponding parameters was analysed by bivariate correlation. Relationship of horizontal plane vector parameters with the magnitude of scoliotic deformities and results of surgical correction were analysed by Pearson correlation and linear regression.
RESULTS: In comparison to manual 2D methods, a very close relationship was detectable in vertebra vector-based curvature data for coronal curves (preop r 0.950, postop r 0.935) and thoracic kyphosis (preop r 0.893, postop r 0.896), while the found small difference in L1-L5 lordosis values (preop r 0.763, postop r 0.809) was shown to be strongly related to the magnitude of corresponding L5 wedge. The correlation analysis results revealed strong correlation between the magnitude of scoliosis and the lateral translation of apical vertebra in horizontal plane. The horizontal plane coordinates of the terminal and initial points of apical vertebra vectors represent this (r 0.701; r 0.667). Less strong correlation was detected in the axial rotation of apical vertebras and the magnitudes of the frontal curves (r 0.459).
CONCLUSIONS: Vertebra vectors provide a key opportunity to visualize spinal deformities in all three planes simultaneously. Measurement methods based on vertebral vectors proved to be just as accurate and reliable as conventional measurement methods for coronal and sagittal plane parameters. In addition, the horizontal plane display of the curves can be studied using the same vertebra vectors. Based on the vertebra vectors data, during the surgical treatment of spinal deformities, the diminution of the lateral translation of the vertebras seems to be more important in the results of the surgical correction than the correction of the axial rotation.
Tamás Illés; Szabolcs Somoskeöy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2013-01-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1432-0932     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur Spine J     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-06-10     Completed Date:  2014-01-07     Revised Date:  2014-06-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9301980     Medline TA:  Eur Spine J     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1255-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods*
Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods*
Scoliosis / radiography*,  surgery
Spinal Fusion
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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