Document Detail

Comparison of ropivacaine and lidocaine with epinephrine for infiltration anesthesia in dentistry. A randomized study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22165459     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of maxillary infiltration anesthesia with 0.5% plain ropivacaine or 2% lidocaine with epinephrine 1:100,000.
METHODS: 60 volunteers received 1.8 ml of the anesthetic for infiltration anesthesia of maxillary central and lateral incisors and canine teeth. The onset time and duration of pulp anesthesia were assessed with an electric pulp tester. The duration time of numbness of the upper lip was also monitored. Blood pressure and heart rate were measured before and after administration of the solution.
RESULTS: The efficacy of anesthesia of the lateral and central incisors was 100% for both anesthetics. There were small insignificant differences in effectiveness of canine pulp anesthesia. The mean onset time was significantly shorter for ropivacaine--2.2 minutes vs. 5.1 for lidocaine. Ropivacaine also had a significantly longer duration of action--mean time 79.2 minutes. Ropivacaine caused statistically significant increases in blood pressure and heart rate.
Tadeusz Faustyn Krzemiński; Łukasz Gilowski; Rafał Wiench; Iwona Płocica; Piotr Kondzielnik; Andrzej Sielańczyk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of dentistry     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0894-8275     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Dent     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8806701     Medline TA:  Am J Dent     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  305-9     Citation Subset:  D    
Department of Pharmacology, Medical University of Silesia, Jordana 19, 41-808 Zabrze, Poland.
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