Document Detail


Comparison of regeneration across nerve allografts with temporary or continuous cyclosporin A immunosuppression.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8416248     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The efficacy of short-term immunosuppression in a nerve allograft model was examined by comparing regeneration across peripheral nerve allografts with either temporary (12 weeks) or continuous (30 weeks) cyclosporin A treatment. One-hundred fifty Lewis rats received 2-cm nerve grafts from allogeneic ACI or syngeneic Lewis rat donors and were allocated to the following groups: allogeneic grafts and continuous cyclosporin A, with 18 weeks (20 rats) or 30 weeks (20 rats) of survival after graft placement; allogeneic grafts and temporary cyclosporin A, with 12 weeks (10 rats), 18 weeks (20 rats), or 30 weeks (20 rats) of survival; and control rats with allogeneic and syngeneic grafts, no cyclosporin A, with 12, 18, or 30 weeks (10 rats each) of survival. Functional regeneration across the nerve grafts was serially assessed with walking-track analysis. Endpoint evaluations included electrophysiological, histological, and morphometric studies. Both walking-track and electrophysiological function reached a plateau at a significantly worse level in nonimmunosuppressed allograft recipients than in syngeneic or treated allograft recipients. The group with temporary therapy experienced significant worsening in both motor and electrophysiological function at Week 18, 6 weeks after cyclosporin A withdrawal, compared to the group with continuous treatment. At Week 30, motor and electrophysiological function in the temporary-treatment group recovered to levels similar to those of the syngeneic and continuous cyclosporin A groups. Histological assessment of the graft segments from the temporary cyclosporin A group at 18 weeks showed evidence of rejection, with mononuclear cell infiltration and demyelination; morphometric evaluation demonstrated significantly decreased numbers of nerve fibers in the distal host segment. These histological and morphometric changes were no longer present in the nerves from the temporarily immunosuppressed rats at Week 30. Withdrawal of immunosuppression after successful regeneration through nerve allografts results in short-term graft rejection. Eventual restoration of graft histological and function parameters is comparable to continuously immunosuppressed rats. Temporary immunosuppression of nerve allograft recipients is feasible.
Authors:
R Midha; S E Mackinnon; P J Evans; T J Best; G M Hare; D A Hunter; J A Falk-Wade
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurosurgery     Volume:  78     ISSN:  0022-3085     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurosurg.     Publication Date:  1993 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-01-11     Completed Date:  1993-01-11     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0253357     Medline TA:  J Neurosurg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  90-100     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analysis of Variance
Animals
Cyclosporine / administration & dosage*
Drug Administration Schedule
Electrophysiology
Immunosuppression / methods*
Male
Nerve Regeneration / drug effects*,  immunology
Random Allocation
Rats
Rats, Inbred ACI
Rats, Inbred Lew
Sciatic Nerve / physiology
Tibial Nerve / pathology,  physiopathology,  transplantation*
Transplantation, Homologous
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
59865-13-3/Cyclosporine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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