Document Detail

Comparison of pesticide exposure from consumption of domestic and imported fruits and vegetables.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19059451     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Estimates of daily dietary human exposure to 18 common pesticides found in fruits and vegetables were developed from residue data obtained from the 2003 US Food and Drug Administration's Regulatory Monitoring Program using probabilistic dietary exposure modeling. The differences between the exposures from domestic versus imported fruit and vegetable residues were compared. Of the 15 pesticides for which quantifiable residues were detected from both domestic and imported fruit and vegetable samples, domestic exposures were significantly higher for 11 pesticides while imported exposures were higher for the remaining four. The five pesticides showing the highest exposures all demonstrated greater domestic exposures than imported exposures. The mean daily exposure estimate for one pesticide, methamidophos, was above the reference dose for domestic fruits and vegetables while slightly below the reference dose for imported fruits and vegetables. Exposures to the other 17 pesticides were well below the established reference doses for domestic and imported fruits and vegetables. Exposure from pesticides in domestic foods exceeds exposure from imported foods and demonstrates that probabilistic modeling of dietary exposure provides more useful information concerning the relative risks of domestic and imported foods than that obtained from the traditional comparisons of residue detection frequency and violation rates.
J M Katz; C K Winter
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-11-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1873-6351     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Chem. Toxicol.     Publication Date:  2009 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-22     Completed Date:  2009-02-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8207483     Medline TA:  Food Chem Toxicol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  335-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of California, Department of Food Science and Technology, One Shields Ave., Davis, CA 95616, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Environmental Exposure / analysis*
Food Contamination / analysis*,  statistics & numerical data
Fruit / chemistry*
Pesticide Residues / analysis
Pesticides / analysis*
Risk Assessment
United States
United States Food and Drug Administration
Vegetables / chemistry*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Pesticide Residues; 0/Pesticides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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