Document Detail


Comparison of patients with and without mental disorders treated for suicide attempts in the emergency departments of four general hospitals in Shenyang, China.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20851276     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Compare the sociodemographic and psychological characteristics of suicide attempters admitted to emergency departments of general hospitals in China that do and do not meet diagnostic criteria for mental disorders.
METHODS: The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, the Suicide Ideation Scale, the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and a quality of life measure were administered to 239 consecutive suicide attempters who were treated in the emergency departments of four randomly selected general hospitals in Shenyang.
RESULTS: Among the enrolled subjects, 166 (69.5%) met diagnostic criteria for a current mental disorder. Among these 166 subjects, 62.7% had mood disorders, 14.5% had anxiety disorders, 10.8% had psychotic disorders and 3.6% had substance use disorders. The 73 suicide attempters without a mental disorder were younger, had higher levels of impulsiveness and were more likely to have ideas about being rescued. Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified the following independent predictors of having a current psychiatric disorder in the suicide attempters: female gender (OR=3.67, 95% CI=1.23-10.91), more than 6 years of formal education (OR=1.19, 95% CI=1.04-1.36), a higher score on the suicide ideation scale (OR=1.01, 95% CI=1.00-1.03), a higher score on Hamilton depression rating scale (OR=1.26, 95% CI=1.16-1.37) and a lower score on the quality of life scale (OR=0.75, 95% CI=0.63-0.90).
CONCLUSION: The prevalence of psychiatric disorders in suicide attempters in emergency departments of urban China is lower than that reported in most western countries. Suicide attempters with and without mental illnesses are distinct on a number of important dimensions. Mental health assessment and appropriate discharge planning for patients treated in emergency departments for suicide attempts are crucial components of comprehensive suicide prevention efforts.
Authors:
Bo Bi; Jianhua Tong; Li Liu; Shengnan Wei; Haiyan Li; Jinglin Hou; Shanyong Tan; Xu Chen; Wei Chen; Xiaoju Jia; Ying Liu; Guanghui Dong; Xiaoxia Qin; Michael R Phillips
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-07-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  General hospital psychiatry     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1873-7714     ISO Abbreviation:  Gen Hosp Psychiatry     Publication Date:    2010 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-20     Completed Date:  2011-01-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7905527     Medline TA:  Gen Hosp Psychiatry     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  549-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110001, PR China.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Anxiety Disorders / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  psychology
China
Cross-Sectional Studies
Emergency Service, Hospital / statistics & numerical data*
Female
Hospitals, General / statistics & numerical data
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  psychology
Middle Aged
Mood Disorders / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  psychology
Psychotic Disorders / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  psychology
Quality of Life / psychology
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Substance-Related Disorders / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  psychology
Suicide, Attempted / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
Urban Population / statistics & numerical data*
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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