Document Detail

Comparison of once and twice weekly water exercise on various bodily functions in community-dwelling frail elderly requiring nursing care.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20961629     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Previous research suggests that water exercise (WE) improves bodily functions of the frail elderly, but there is as yet no research on the effect of once weekly WE. This study aims to compare the effects of once and twice weekly WE on bodily functions of frail elderly requiring nursing care in six months. The design is a prospective cohort study. Participants were assigned to two different exercise groups (once weekly group or twice weekly group; n=35). Once weekly group participate in a 60-min exercise session once a week, for six months while twice weekly group attended the session twice a week. Exercise sessions were divided into a 10-min warm-up on land and 50min of exercise in water. The 50-min WE program consisted of 20min walking, 10min activities of daily living (ADL) exercise, 10min stretching and strength exercises, and 10min relaxation in water. Muscle strength, flexibility, balance, mobility and ADL disability were measured before the beginning of intervention and three months and six months after the program had started. Significant differences between the once and twice weekly groups were found in flexibility and balance at 3-months and 6-months and lower muscle strength and ADL disability only at 3-months. These results from present study suggested that the effects of WE frequency in the fail elderly who require nursing care were different for each bodily function.
Daisuke Sato; Koichi Kaneda; Hitoshi Wakabayashi; Yoshimitsu Shimoyama; Yasuhiro Baba; Takeo Nomura
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of gerontology and geriatrics     Volume:  52     ISSN:  1872-6976     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Gerontol Geriatr     Publication Date:    2011 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8214379     Medline TA:  Arch Gerontol Geriatr     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  331-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Health and Sports Sciences, Niigata University of Health and Welfare, Shimami-cho 1398, Kita-ku, Niigata City 950-3198, Japan.
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