Document Detail

Comparison of nitroethane, 2-nitro-1-propanol, lauric acid, Lauricidin® and the Hawaiian marine algae, Chaetoceros, for potential broad-spectrum control of anaerobically grown lactic acid bacteria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22428888     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The gastrointestinal tract of bovines often contains bacteria that contribute to disorders of the rumen, and may also contain foodborne or opportunistic human pathogens as well as bacteria capable of causing mastitis in cows. Thus there is a need to develop broad-spectrum therapies that are effective while not leading to unacceptably long antibiotic withdrawal times. The effects of the CH(4)-inhibitors nitroethane (2 mg/mL), 2-nitro-1-propanol (2 mg/mL), lauric acid (5 mg/mL), the commercial product Lauricidin® (5 mg/mL), and a finely ground product of the Hawaiian marine algae, Chaetoceros (10 mg/mL), were compared in pure cultures of Streptococcus agalactia, Enterococcus faecium, Streptococcus bovis, and in a mixed lactic acid rumen bacterial culture. Lauricidin® and lauric acid exhibited the most bactericidal acidity against all bacteria. These results suggest potential animal health benefits from supplementing cattle diets with lauric acid or Lauricidin® to improve the health of the rumen and help prevent shedding of human pathogens.
Aleksandar K Božic; Robin C Anderson; Steven C Ricke; Philip G Crandall; Corliss A O'Bryan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of environmental science and health. Part. B, Pesticides, food contaminants, and agricultural wastes     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1532-4109     ISO Abbreviation:  J Environ Sci Health B     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7607167     Medline TA:  J Environ Sci Health B     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  269-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
a Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture , University of Novi Sad , Republic of Serbia.
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