Document Detail

Comparison of murine anorectic responses to the 8-ketotrichothecenes 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol, 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol, fusarenon X and nivalenol.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22465835     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
While induction of food refusal by the trichothecene mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) has been described in several animal models, much less is known about the anorectic effects of structurally related 8-ketotrichothecenes, 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol (3-ADON), 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol (15-ADON), fusarenon X (FX) and nivalenol (NIV). Here, we compared the capacities of these congeners to induce anorexia in the mouse. As previously observed for DON, anorectic responses to 3-ADONand 15-ADON in the B6C3F1 female mouse following both intraperitoneal (IP) and oral exposure were transient, lasting only a few hours, with food intake recovering to control levels within 16h. For both ADONs, the no observed adverse effect levels (NOAEL) and lowest observed adverse effect levels (LOAEL) were 0.5 and 1mg/kg bw following IP exposure, respectively, and 1 and 2.5mg/kg bw after oral exposure, respectively. In contrast, food refusal persisted from 48 to 96h following IP and oral exposure to FX and NIV. For both IP and oral FX exposure, the NOAEL was 0.025mg/kg bw and LOAEL was 0.25mg/kg bw, whereas the NOAELs and LOAELs for NIV were 0.01 and 0.1mg/kg bw, respectively, after IP exposure and 0.1 and 1mg/kg bw, respectively, following oral exposure. Both these data and a prior DON study suggest that anorectic responses to 8-ketotrichothecenes were always greater when administered IP as compared to oral exposure and follow an approximate rank order of NIV>FX>DON≈3-ADON≈15-ADON for IP exposure and FX>NIV>DON≈3-ADON≈15-ADON for oral exposure. Toxic potency data such as is described here will be applicable to future comparative risk assessments for this important group of trichothecene mycotoxins.
Wenda Wu; Brenna M Flannery; Yoshiko Sugita-Konishi; Maiko Watanabe; Haibin Zhang; James J Pestka
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-6351     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8207483     Medline TA:  Food Chem Toxicol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, PR China; Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1224, USA.
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