Document Detail

Comparison of multidirectional seated postural stability between individuals with spinal cord injury and able-bodied individuals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23138259     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To compare multidirectional seated postural stability between individuals with spinal cord injury and able-bodied- individuals and to evaluate the impact of abdominal and low back muscle paralysis on multidirectional seated stability.
DESIGN: Case-control study.
PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen individuals with complete or incomplete spinal cord injury affecting various vertebral levels participated in this study and were gender-matched with 15 able-bodied individuals.
METHODS: Participants were instructed to lean as far as possible in 8 directions, set apart by 45° intervals, while seated on an instrumented chair with their feet placed on force plates. Eight direction-specific stability indices and a global stability index were calculated.
RESULTS: The global stability index and all direction-specific indices, except in the anterior and posterior directions, were lower in individuals with spinal cord injury than in able-bodied individuals. However, the individuals with spinal cord injury who had partial or full control of their abdominal and lower trunk muscles obtained a similar global stability index and similar direction-specific indices compared to the able-bodied individuals.
CONCLUSION: Multidirectional seated postural stability is reduced in individuals with SCI who have paralysis of the abdominal and lower back muscles in comparison to able-bodied individuals.
Cindy Gauthier; Dany Gagnon; Murielle Grangeon; Géraldine Jacquemin; Sylvie Nadeau; Kei Masani; Milos R Popovic
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of rehabilitation medicine     Volume:  45     ISSN:  1651-2081     ISO Abbreviation:  J Rehabil Med     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-05-21     Completed Date:  2013-12-05     Revised Date:  2014-05-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101088169     Medline TA:  J Rehabil Med     Country:  Sweden    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  47-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Abdominal Muscles / physiopathology
Back Muscles / physiopathology
Case-Control Studies
Middle Aged
Paralysis / physiopathology
Postural Balance / physiology*
Posture / physiology*
Spinal Cord Injuries / physiopathology*,  rehabilitation*
Young Adult

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