Document Detail


Comparison of moxidectin oral gel and ivermectin oral paste against a spectrum of internal parasites of ponies with special attention to encysted cyathostome larvae.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8966989     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Two dosages of moxidectin oral gel were evaluated and compared to a therapeutic dose of ivermectin oral paste in the control of a spectrum of gastrointestinal parasites of ponies naturally infected in southern Louisiana or Mississippi. Thirty-two mixed-breed ponies ranging in age from one to 21 years were used in this controlled test. Eight weeks prior to the experiment, ponies grazing on contaminated pasture were moved to a paddock and fed a pelleted ration, thus reducing or eliminating the potential for additional infection and ensuring the existence of a population of encysted larvae. Ponies were then allocated to replicates of four animals based on values of fecal strongyle egg counts and percent strongyle larvae composition determined from Baermann sedimentations of fecal cultures. Members of replicates were allocated to one of four treatment groups: moxidectin oral gel administered at 300 micrograms kg-1 body weight, moxidectin oral gel at 400 micrograms kg-1, the oral gel vehicle as negative control, and ivermectin oral paste at 200 micrograms kg-1. Prior to treatment, ponies were confined in pairs to covered concrete runs by treatment group. Two weeks following treatment, necropsy examinations of all animals were performed. Parasites were recovered from the lumen of the stomach, the intestinal tract, the cranial mesenteric artery and its major branches, the peritoneal body wall and from pepsin digests of mucosal scrapings taken from the cecum and large colon. Encysted cyathostome larval burdens were also compared using mural transillumination of segments of the large colon for visualization of the encysted forms. Control ponies were not uniformly infected with the spectrum of parasites; however, moxidectin, at either dosage, compared favorably with ivermectin in the control of the adults of Strongylus vulgaris, Strongylus edentatus, Triodontophorus spp., Oesophagodontus robustus, Trichostrongylus axei, Oxyuris equi, Parascaris equorum, Habronema muscae, as well as both the adult and larval Cyathostominae recovered from the lumen. Moxidectin also appears as efficacious as ivermectin against migrating large strongyle larvae at the two weeks post-treatment evaluation. Moxidectin demonstrated a trend towards greater efficacy against encysted cyathostome larvae than a therapeutic dosage of ivermectin, but this difference was not statistically significant. Moxidectin was less effective than ivermectin against Gasterophilus intestinalis and was equally ineffective as ivermectin against Anoplocephala perfoliata.
Authors:
C M Monahan; M R Chapman; H W Taylor; D D French; T R Klei
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary parasitology     Volume:  63     ISSN:  0304-4017     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Parasitol.     Publication Date:  1996 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-12-09     Completed Date:  1996-12-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7602745     Medline TA:  Vet Parasitol     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  225-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, 70803, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Administration, Oral
Animals
Anthelmintics / administration & dosage*
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Female
Gels
Helminthiasis / drug therapy,  parasitology
Helminthiasis, Animal*
Horse Diseases / drug therapy*,  parasitology
Horses
Ivermectin / administration & dosage*
Macrolides / administration & dosage
Male
Nematode Infections / drug therapy,  parasitology,  veterinary
Ointments
Strongyle Infections, Equine / drug therapy,  parasitology
Strongylus / drug effects,  growth & development
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anthelmintics; 0/Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0/Gels; 0/Macrolides; 0/Ointments; 51570-36-6/milbemycin; 70288-86-7/Ivermectin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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