Document Detail

Comparison of modified Ashworth scale and Hoffmann reflex in study of spasticity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21137650     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Spasticity is one of the common complications in upper motor neuron lesions and without appropriate treatment it causes disturbances in movement pattern. Assessments of patients are effective in patient's management. Modified Ashworth scale (MAS) is one of the criteria in qualitative assessment of spasticity, and there are lots of controversies about its validity. The purpose of this study is to compare MAS with electrophysiological indices of spasticity. The spasticity of upper limb muscles in patients with hemiplegic cerebral palsy are measured and recorded by MAS. Then electrophysiological indices of Hoffmann reflex (H reflex) and ratio of maximum range of action potential of combined movement of flexor carpi radialis (FCR) for upper limb and soleus for lower limb were estimated. Data of 11 patients with age range 4 to 6 were analyzed. There is no significant correlation between degree of spasticity and electrophysiological indices.
Amir Hassan Kohan; Shahram Abootalebi; Alireza Khoshnevisan; Mehdi Rahgozar
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta medica Iranica     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0044-6025     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Med Iran     Publication Date:    2010 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-08     Completed Date:  2011-01-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  14540050R     Medline TA:  Acta Med Iran     Country:  Iran    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  154-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Occupational Therapy, Brain And Spinal Cord Injury Repair Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
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MeSH Terms
Action Potentials / physiology
Cerebral Palsy / complications*,  physiopathology*
Child, Preschool
H-Reflex / physiology
Hemiplegia / physiopathology
Lower Extremity / physiopathology
Muscle Spasticity / etiology*,  physiopathology*
Muscle, Skeletal / physiopathology
Severity of Illness Index*
Upper Extremity / physiopathology

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