Document Detail


Comparison of mirtazapine and fluoxetine in the treatment of major depressive disorder: a double-blind, randomized trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15811165     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Depression is an international public health problem. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and tolerability of mirtazapine and fluoxetine treatment in a sample population consisting of Iranian patients suffering major depressive disorder. METHODS: Thirty-six inpatients and outpatients with a diagnosis of major depressive disorder (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV) and a score > or = 18 on the 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D-17) were randomly assigned to 6 weeks of treatment with mirtazapine (30 mg/day) or fluoxetine (20 mg/day). Efficacy was assessed by HAM-D-17. Information about adverse events was obtained by questioning of participants and/or their examination. Assessments were performed at weeks 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 6. RESULTS: Sixteen of mirtazapine-treated patients and fifteen of fluoxetine-treated patients completed the 6-week study period. Both treatment groups were well matched at baseline with respect to demographic and disease characteristics. Both drugs showed a significant improvement over the 6 weeks of treatment (P < 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference between the mean +/- SEM HAM-D scores of two groups at weeks 1, 2, 3, 4, and at the end point. There were no significant differences between two groups in terms of response to treatment (> or = 50% decrease from baseline in HAM-D-17 total score) and remission (HAM-D-17 score of < or = 7). None of the differences in reported adverse events was statistically significant. CONCLUSION: In this study, mirtazapine and fluoxetine were equally effective and well tolerated after 6 weeks of treatment in patients with major depressive disorder.
Authors:
H Amini; S Aghayan; S A Jalili; S Akhondzadeh; O Yahyazadeh; M Pakravan-Nejad
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical pharmacy and therapeutics     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0269-4727     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Pharm Ther     Publication Date:  2005 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-04-06     Completed Date:  2005-11-03     Revised Date:  2008-05-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8704308     Medline TA:  J Clin Pharm Ther     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  133-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Psychiatric Research Center, Roozbeh Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. amini-hom@sina.tums.ac.ir
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Depressive Disorder, Major / diagnosis,  drug therapy*,  physiopathology
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Double-Blind Method
Drug Administration Schedule
Female
Fluoxetine / administration & dosage,  adverse effects,  therapeutic use*
Humans
Inpatients
Male
Mianserin / administration & dosage,  adverse effects,  analogs & derivatives*,  therapeutic use
Middle Aged
Outpatients
Oxazepam / administration & dosage
Treatment Outcome
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
24219-97-4/Mianserin; 54910-89-3/Fluoxetine; 604-75-1/Oxazepam; 61337-67-5/mirtazapine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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