Document Detail

Comparison of microdebrider subcapsular tonsillectomy to harmonic scalpel and electrocautery total tonsillectomy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17162124     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare microdebrider subcapsular tonsillectomy (MST) with total tonsillectomies either by harmonic scalpel (TTH) or electrocautery (TTE) in children with obstructive sleep-disordered breathing from tonsillar hypertrophy. DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospectively collected data. SETTING: Tertiary academic hospital. PATIENTS: Eighty consecutive children with obstructive sleep-disordered breathing from tonsillar hypertrophy who underwent MST between January and April of 2003 were compared with a smaller historical cohort of 25 patients who underwent TTEs and TTHs from January to December of 2001. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary: days to no narcotic pain medicine use and days to solid food intake; secondary: estimated blood loss, surgical time, and postoperative complications. RESULTS: Fifty-four patients who underwent MSTs and 25 patients who underwent total tonsillectomies met study criteria for a total of 79 patients. The cohorts showed no significant demographic differences between groups. The MST group had a significantly shorter duration of pain medicine use (3.7 +/- 0.5 days) than the TTE (7.0 +/- 0.6 days) or TTH groups (6.8 +/- 0.7 days; P < .001). The MST group (3.5 +/- 0.6 days) and the TTH group (3.6 +/- 0.8 days) achieved solid food intake faster than the TTE group (5.4 +/- 0.7 days; P = 0.004). There was a significantly higher estimated blood loss with the MST group (38.8 +/- 6.1 mL) than the TTH group (19 mL +/- 8.2) and the TTE group (15.1 +/- 7.4 mL; P < .001). TTH (27.3 +/- 3.1 minutes) took longer than MST (20.3 +/- 2.3 minutes) and TTE (21.9 +/- 2.8 minutes; P = .018). CONCLUSION: Microdebrider subcapsular tonsillectomy is valuable in treatment of children with tonsillar hypertrophy because of the decreased pain medicine use and more rapid return to solid food.
Charles M Mixson; Paul M Weinberger; Mitchell B Austin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of otolaryngology     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0196-0709     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Otolaryngol     Publication Date:    2007 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-12-12     Completed Date:  2007-03-15     Revised Date:  2007-07-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8000029     Medline TA:  Am J Otolaryngol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  13-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Otolaryngology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA 30912, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Chi-Square Distribution
Child, Preschool
Debridement / instrumentation*
Electrocoagulation / instrumentation*
Retrospective Studies
Surgical Instruments
Tonsillectomy / instrumentation*
Treatment Outcome
Ultrasonic Therapy / instrumentation*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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