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Comparison of metabolic syndrome with growing epidemic syndrome Z in terms of risk factors and gender differences.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22729826     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to compare metabolic syndrome with syndrome Z growing epidemic in terms of risk factors, demographic variables, and gender differences in our large cohort at southeastern area in Turkey. METHODS: Data of patients admitted to sleep clinic in University of Gaziantep from January 2006 to January 2011 were retrospectively evaluated. ATP III and JNC 7 were used for defining metabolic syndrome and hypertension. RESULTS: Data of 761 patients were evaluated. Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, pulmonary hypertension, and left ventricular hypertrophy were more common in patients with syndrome Z than in patients without metabolic syndrome. Age, waist/neck circumferences, BMI, triglyceride, glucose, and Epworth sleepiness scale score were detected higher, whereas the minimum oxygen saturation during sleep was lower in patients with syndrome Z. Metabolic syndrome was more common in sleep apneic subjects than in controls (58 versus 30 %). Female sleep apneics showed higher rate of metabolic syndrome than those of males (74 versus 52 %). Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, and left ventricular hypertrophy were detected higher in males with syndrome Z than in males without metabolic syndrome. Snoring and excessive daytime sleepiness were detected higher in females with syndrome Z than in females without metabolic syndrome. Systemic/pulmonary hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and left ventricular hypertrophy were more common in females with syndrome Z than in females without metabolic syndrome. Complaints of headache and systemic/pulmonary hypertension were more common among females than males with syndrome Z. Female syndrome Z patients had lower minimum oxygen saturation than male patients with syndrome Z. CONCLUSIONS: Metabolic syndrome in sleep apneic patients is more prevalent than in controls. All metabolic syndrome parameters were significantly different among obstructive sleep apneic patients with respect to gender with more severe coronary risk factors in males.
Authors:
Meral Uyar; Vedat Davutoğlu; Neriman Aydın; Ayten Filiz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sleep & breathing = Schlaf & Atmung     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-1709     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9804161     Medline TA:  Sleep Breath     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, University of Gaziantep, Gaziantep, Turkey, 27035, meraluyar1@yahoo.com.
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