Document Detail

Comparison of low molecular weight hydroxyethyl starch and human albumin as priming solutions in children undergoing cardiac surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24658707     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Human albumin is the conventional cardiopulmonary bypass circuit primer. However, it has high manufacturing costs. Crystalloid and colloid solutions have been developed as alternatives, including a new generation of non-ionic hydroxyethyl starch (HES). The efficacy of hydroxyethyl starch with a 130 molecular weight and substitution degree of 0.4 (hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4) was compared with human albumin for use in cardiopulmonary bypass surgery in American Society of Anesthesiologists' grade I-II pediatric congenital heart disease patients. Efficacy was evaluated by comparing perioperative hemodynamic parameters, including plasma colloid osmotic pressure, renal function, blood loss, allogeneic blood volumes and plasma volume substitution. The hydroxyethyl starch group exhibited significantly higher preoperative colloid osmotic pressure (p<0.01) and significantly lower operative renal function and postoperative allogeneic blood volumes than the human albumin group. No significant differences were observed in serum creatinine, glucose, hematocrit or lactic acid levels (p>0.05). Our results indicate that hydroxyethyl starch may be a viable alternative to human albumin in pediatric patients undergoing relatively simple cardiopulmonary bypass surgeries.
Na Miao; Jing Yang; Zhongtao Du; Wei Liu; Hong Ni; Jialin Xing; Xiaofang Yang; Bo Xu; Xiaotong Hou
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-3-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Perfusion     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1477-111X     ISO Abbreviation:  Perfusion     Publication Date:  2014 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-3-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8700166     Medline TA:  Perfusion     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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