Document Detail


Comparison of intravenous anisoylated plasminogen streptokinase activator complex with intracoronary streptokinase in acute myocardial infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3315583     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In a randomised trial the efficacy and safety of anisoylated plasminogen streptokinase activator complex (APSAC) administered intravenously and streptokinase administered by intracoronary infusion were compared in patients with proven acute myocardial infarction. Occlusion of the infarct-related vessel, reperfusion and reocclusion were all assessed angiographically. Fibrinolytic therapy was started within 4 (mean 2.4) hours of the onset of symptoms. 85 patients entered the study; 42 were treated with a single intravenous injection of APSAC (30U) given over 3 to 5 minutes and 43 with an intracoronary infusion of streptokinase (250,000U) given over 60 minutes. 12 patients were excluded because of protocol violation. Reperfusion at 90 minutes was confirmed in 23/36 patients (63.9%) in the APSAC group and 25/37 (67.6%) in the streptokinase group; at 24 (+/- 6) hours reocclusion had occurred in 1/22 (4.5%) and 4/23 (13.0%) patients in each group, respectively. These results indicate that APSAC (30U intravenously) is as effective as intracoronary streptokinase (250,000U). The major advantages of APSAC in acute myocardial infarction are its rapid, convenient administration and its low rate of arterial reocclusion.
Authors:
J J Bonnier
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Drugs     Volume:  33 Suppl 3     ISSN:  0012-6667     ISO Abbreviation:  Drugs     Publication Date:  1987  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-01-07     Completed Date:  1988-01-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7600076     Medline TA:  Drugs     Country:  NEW ZEALAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  151-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Catharina Hospital, Eindhoven.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Anistreplase
Coronary Angiography
Female
Fibrinolytic Agents / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use*
Humans
Infusions, Intra-Arterial
Injections, Intravenous
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / drug therapy*
Plasminogen / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use*
Random Allocation
Streptokinase / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fibrinolytic Agents; 81669-57-0/Anistreplase; 9001-91-6/Plasminogen; EC 3.4.-/Streptokinase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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