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Comparison of the influence of aerobic and resistance exercise of the upper and lower limb on intraocular pressure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23289511     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Purpose:  To compare the influence of aerobic and resistance exercise on intraocular pressure (IOP). Methods:  Twenty-one healthy subjects participated. Aerobic exercise was performed using a cycle ergometer, and resistance exercise was performed with a leg curl and a butterfly machine. Intraocular pressure was measured at baseline, during exercise and 10 min after. During resistance exercise, a Valsalva manoeuvre was prevented. Results:  Before aerobic exercise, the mean IOP was 18.8 ± 2.7 mmHg. It was 16.5 ± 2.8 after 10, 17.1 ± 2.6 after 20 and 16.7 ± 3.3 mmHg after 30 min of exercise. After 10 min, the IOP returned to baseline (18.8 ± 2.7 mmHg). The mean IOP before resistance exercise with the leg curl machine was 17.0 (15.6-18.4; 65%W(max) ) and 16.8 (15.3-18.3) mmHg; 75%W(max) ) and did not change significantly during the experiment. The mean IOP before resistance exercise with the butterfly machine (65%W(max) ) was 16.4 (15.2-17.6) and increased to 17.2 (16.0-18.4) mmHg (p < 0.05). After 10 min of recreation, it recovered to 16.3 (15.0-17.5) mmHg. At 75%W(max) , the mean baseline IOP was 16.3 (15.2-17.4) mmHg, and there were no significant changes. Conclusions:  Aerobic exercise leads to a significant decrease of IOP. There was no influence of resistance exercise on IOP as long as a Valsalva manoeuvre was prevented.
Authors:
Florian Rüfer; Johanna Schiller; Alexa Klettner; Ines Lanzl; Johann Roider; Burkhard Weisser
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta ophthalmologica     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1755-3768     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Ophthalmol     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101468102     Medline TA:  Acta Ophthalmol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 The Authors Acta Ophthalmologica © 2013 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation.
Affiliation:
Department of Ophthalmology, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany Department of Sports Medicine, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany Eye Department, Technical University, Munich, Germany.
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