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Comparison of hematologic and serologic profiles of broiler birds with normal and severe degrees of white striping in breast fillets.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23300298     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
White striping is the white striation occasionally observed parallel to the direction of muscle fibers in broiler breast fillets and thighs at the processing plant. Broiler breast fillets can be categorized as normal (NORM), moderate (MOD), or severe (SEV) based on the degree of white striping. Histologically, SEV fillets are characterized by the highest degree of degeneration of muscle fibers along with fibrosis and lipidosis when compared with NORM. The present study was undertaken to compare the hematologic and serologic profiles of broilers with NORM and SEV degrees of white striping to get more information on the systemic changes associated with the condition. Day-old male broiler chicks of a commercial strain were grown on the same diet in 6 replicate pens (n = 32 birds/pen). Blood samples (5 mL) were collected from the wing vein of each bird on the day before processing for analyzing hematologic and serologic profiles. At 63 d, the birds were weighed and processed in a commercial inline processing system. Weight of the butterfly fillets, liver, and abdominal fat pad were recorded. Left-side fillets were scored to obtain the degree of white striping for each bird. Representative samples for NORM (n = 24) and SEV (n = 17) categories were selected to compare the hematologic and serologic profiles. The SEV birds had greater (P < 0.05) live, fillet, and liver weights, as well as fillet yield, compared with the NORM birds, but the abdominal fat yield was less (P < 0.05) in SEV birds. The NORM and SEV birds did not show any differences in various hematological parameters, including the differential leukocyte count. Conversely, SEV birds had elevated (P < 0.05) serum levels of creatine kinase, alanine transaminase, aspartate aminotransferase, and lactate dehydrogenase. These results suggest that there is no systemic infectious or inflammatory condition associated with a SEV degree of white striping. The elevated serum enzyme levels confirm the muscle damage associated with the degenerative myopathy in SEV birds.
Authors:
V A Kuttappan; G R Huff; W E Huff; B M Hargis; J K Apple; C Coon; C M Owens
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  92     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-09     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  339-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Poultry Science Department, University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture, Fayetteville 72701;
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