Document Detail

Comparison of guinea pig electroretinograms measured with bipolar corneal and unipolar intravitreal electrodes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10189179     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study considers the precision and accuracy of bipolar corneal electrodes compared with unipolar intravitreal methods in collecting electroretinographic (ERG) recordings from a small animal. Flash ERGs were obtained from 9 adult guinea pigs on three occasions. Corneal bipolar (Burian-Allen) electrodes were used to collect data on the first two occasions whereas unipolar intravitreal electrodes were used on the last. We identified the a-wave, b-wave, oscillatory potentials, PIII and PII responses. Intensity-response functions were fit using a Naka-Rushton relationship with a bootstrap estimating the 95% confidence limits. Discrepancy analysis was applied to determine the coefficient of agreement. We found significantly larger amplitudes with unipolar intravitreal electrodes (ANOVA; a-wave, p<0.002; b-wave, p<0.001; Oscillatory potentials (OPs), p<0.005) especially at high intensities. Implicit times showed little differences between electrodes for the a-wave, significantly faster (p<0.03) b-waves at some intensities, and significantly slower (p<0.005) OP implicit times across all intensities. The PIlI amplitude (log microV), sensitivity and timing were not significantly different (p>O.05) if expressed in logarithmic units but PII amplitude (log microV) was significantly smaller with corneal electrodes. We suggest that a conversion factor (x1.35) should be applied to data collected with bipolar corneal electrodes to estimate the amplitudes of the modelled parameters accurately. The corneal electrode gave a precision of +/-39 microV which yields a statistical power of 0.90 for a sample size of 7 subjects. We conclude that bipolar corneal electrodes provide smaller electroretinogram amplitudes due to their location and reduced span of the retinal generators.
B V Bui; H S Weisinger; A J Sinclair; A J Vingrys
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Documenta ophthalmologica. Advances in ophthalmology     Volume:  95     ISSN:  0012-4486     ISO Abbreviation:  Doc Ophthalmol     Publication Date:  1998  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-05-03     Completed Date:  1999-05-03     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370667     Medline TA:  Doc Ophthalmol     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  15-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Optometry and Vision Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Electroretinography / instrumentation*
Guinea Pigs
Observer Variation
Photic Stimulation
Reproducibility of Results
Retina / physiology*
Vitreous Body*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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