Document Detail

Comparison of forward (ear-canal) and reverse (round-window) sound stimulation of the cochlea.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23159918     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The cochlea is normally driven with "forward" stimulation, in which sound is introduced to the ear canal. Alternatively, the cochlea can be stimulated at the round window (RW) using an actuator. During RW "reverse" stimulation, the acoustic flow starting at the RW does not necessarily take the same path as during forward stimulation. To understand the differences between forward and reverse stimulation, we measured ear-canal pressure, stapes velocity, RW velocity, and intracochlear pressures in scala vestibuli (SV) and scala tympani (ST) of fresh human temporal bones. During forward stimulation, the cochlear drive (differential pressure across the partition) results from the large difference in magnitude between the pressures of SV and ST, which occurs due to the high compliance of the RW. During reverse stimulation, the relatively high impedance of the middle ear causes the pressures of SV and ST to have similar magnitudes, and the differential pressure results primarily from the difference in phase of the pressures. Furthermore, the sound path differs between forward and reverse stimulation, such that motion through a third window is more significant during reverse stimulation. Additionally, we determined that although stapes velocity is a good estimate of cochlear drive during forward stimulation, it is not a good measure during reverse stimulation. This article is part of a special issue entitled "MEMRO 2012".
Christof Stieger; John J Rosowski; Hideko Heidi Nakajima
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-11-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hearing research     Volume:  301     ISSN:  1878-5891     ISO Abbreviation:  Hear. Res.     Publication Date:  2013 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-05-30     Completed Date:  2014-01-29     Revised Date:  2014-07-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7900445     Medline TA:  Hear Res     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  105-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Acoustic Stimulation*
Cochlea / anatomy & histology,  physiology*
Ear Canal / anatomy & histology,  physiology
Round Window, Ear / physiology*
Scala Tympani / physiology*
Scala Vestibuli / physiology*
Stapes / physiology
Temporal Bone / anatomy & histology,  physiology
Tympanic Membrane / physiology
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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