Document Detail

Comparison of fetal behavior in low- and high-risk pregnancies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16175748     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Meta-analyses were conducted on archival data of human fetal behavior to identify differential behavior among high-risk fetuses in pregnancies complicated by threatened preterm delivery, maternal hypertension or diabetes compared with low-risk fetuses in uneventful pregnancies, delivering as healthy, full-term infants. Data for a total of 493 fetuses (260 high risk, 233 low risk) from 23 weeks' gestation to term who participated in a study using a standardized protocol including observations of spontaneous and auditory-induced behavior were retrieved from our laboratory database. There were no differences in spontaneous behaviors when scored using clinical criteria for the nonstress test and biophysical profile; however, there were differences in the magnitude of the behaviors measured in the tests. Developmental differences were observed between those threatening to deliver early and the fetuses of hypertensive and diabetic mothers. The latter two groups differed little from one another but differed from low-risk fetuses in their response to auditory stimulation. We concluded that differences in behavior among high-risk groups suggest that atypical fetal behaviors may represent adaptation to condition specific insult rather than a generalized response to insult per se. The finding that high-risk fetuses showed atypical responses to auditory stimuli indicates a need to examine the relation between fetal auditory function and later language acquisition.
Barbara S Kisilevsky; Sylvia M J Hains
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Meta-Analysis    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Fetal and pediatric pathology     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1551-3815     ISO Abbreviation:  Fetal Pediatr Pathol     Publication Date:    2005 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-22     Completed Date:  2005-10-27     Revised Date:  2008-10-01    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101230972     Medline TA:  Fetal Pediatr Pathol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Queen's University School of Nursing, 90 Barrie Street, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Acoustic Stimulation
Fetal Movement / physiology*
Fetus / physiology*
Heart Rate, Fetal / physiology*
Pregnancy Complications
Pregnancy, High-Risk / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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